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Prof Soren Holm - publications

List of publications

Edited book

  • Holm, S., Harris, J. ed. The Future of Human Reproduction. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998. eScholarID:4b2031

Book contribution

  • Søren Holm, Bjørn Hofmann, Petter Laake. "Ethics and Scientific Conduct." In Research in Medical and Biological Sciences, ed. Petter Laake, Haakon Breien Benestad, Bjorn Reino Olsen, 43-70. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2015. eScholarID:267044
  • Søren Holm, Bjorn Reino Olsen. "Ethics in Human and Animal Studies." In Research in Medical and Biological Sciences, 71-88. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2015. eScholarID:267045
  • Bjørn Hofmann, Søren Holm. "Philosophy of Science." In Research in Medical and Biological Sciences, ed. Petter Laake, Haakon Breien Benestad, Bjorn Reino Olsen, 1-42. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2015. eScholarID:267043
  • Søren Holm. "Lost in translation: Can we have a global bioethics without a global moral language?." In Global Bioethicws and Human Rights, ed. Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon, Alison Dundes Renteln, 41-51. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2014. eScholarID:244929
  • Holm S. "Autonomy." In Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics (2. ed), ed. Chadwick R, 229-236. New York: Elsevier, 2012. eScholarID:172327
  • Holm S. "Embryology, Ethics of." In Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics, ed. Chadwick R, 81-87. New York: Elsevier, 2012. eScholarID:172331
  • Holm S. "Il potenziamento per via genetica : temi e problemi." In Etica e Genetica – Storia, Concetti, Pratiche, 73-93. Milano: Bruno Mondadori, 2012. eScholarID:172344
  • Holm S, Stokes E. "Precautionary Principle." In Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics (2. ed.), ed. Chadwick R, 569-575. New York: Elsevier, 2012. eScholarID:172333
  • Holm S. "Religion and Scientific Freedom." In Scientific Freedom, ed. Giordano S, Coggon J, Cappaton M, 128-140. London: Bloomsbury, 2012. eScholarID:172337
  • Holm S. "Who do you call a hypocrite? Stem cells and comparative hypocritology." In Stem Cells - New Frontiers ind Science & Ethics, ed. Quigley M, Chan S, Harris J, 187-206. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing, 2012. eScholarID:172339
  • Takala, T., Holm, S., Häyry, M. "Responsibility and liberty - never the twine shall meet?." In Life of Value, ed. Holm, S. hayry, M. Takala, T, Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 2006. eScholarID:3b1929
  • Bennett, R., C Erin, Harris, J., Holm, S. "Bioethics, Medical Ethics and Genethics." In The Blackwell Companion to Philosophy, ed. Bunnin, N. Tsui-James, E, 499-516. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002. eScholarID:3b474
  • I de Beaufort, M Hilhorst, Holm, S. ""In the eye of the beholder: The moral implications of altered appearance in cancer"." In In the eye of the beholder - ethics and medical change of appearance, 197-205.Scandinavian University Press, eScholarID:3b105

Journal article

  • Holm, Søren. "The debate about physician assistance in dying: 40 years of unrivalled progress in medical ethics?" Journal of medical ethics 41, no. 1(2015) : 40-3. eScholarID:243933 | DOI:10.1136/medethics-2014-102288
  • Holm, Søren. "The grand leap of the whale up the Niagara Falls: converting philosophical conclusions into policy prescriptions." Cambridge quarterly of healthcare ethics : CQ : the international journal of healthcare ethics committees 24, no. 2(2015) : 195-203. eScholarID:267050 | DOI:10.1017/S0963180114000504
  • Holm, Søren, and Ploug, Thomas. "The use of empirical evidence in formulating reproductive policy advice and policy." Monash bioethics review 33, no. 1(2015) : 7-17. eScholarID:267049 | DOI:10.1007/s40592-015-0020-4
  • Ploug, Thomas, and Holm, Søren. "Conflict of interest disclosure and the polarisation of scientific communities." Journal of medical ethics 41, no. 4(2015) : 356-8. eScholarID:267047 | DOI:10.1136/medethics-2014-102114
  • Ploug, Thomas, and Holm, Søren. "Doctors, Patients, and Nudging in the Clinical Context-Four Views on Nudging and Informed Consent." The American journal of bioethics : AJOB 15, no. 10(2015) : 28-38. eScholarID:278173 | DOI:10.1080/15265161.2015.1074303
  • Ploug, Thomas, and Holm, Søren. "Meta consent: a flexible and autonomous way of obtaining informed consent for secondary research." BMJ (Clinical research ed.) 350(2015) : h2146. eScholarID:267048
  • Ploug, Thomas, and Holm, Søren. "Routinisation of informed consent in online health care systems." International journal of medical informatics 84, no. 4(2015) : 229-36. eScholarID:267051 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2015.01.003
  • Ploug, Thomas, Holm, Søren, and Gjerris, Mickey. "The stigmatization dilemma in public health policy--the case of MRSA in Denmark." BMC public health 15(2015) : 640. eScholarID:277458 | DOI:10.1186/s12889-015-2004-y
  • Ploug, Thomas, Holm, Søren, and Brodersen, John. "Scientific second-order 'nudging' or lobbying by interest groups: the battle over Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening Programmes." Medicine, health care, and philosophy(2014) . eScholarID:231650 | DOI:10.1007/s11019-014-9566-9
  • Schlander, Michael, Garattini, Silvio, Holm, Søren, Kolominsky-Rabas, Peter, Nord, Erik, Persson, Ulf, Postma, Maarten, Richardson, Jeff, Simoens, Steven, Solà Morales, Oriol de, Tolley, Keith, and Toumi, Mondher. "Incremental cost per quality-adjusted life year gained? The need for alternative methods to evaluate medical interventions for ultra-rare disorders." Journal of comparative effectiveness research 3, no. 4(2014) : 399-422. eScholarID:237169 | DOI:10.2217/cer.14.34
  • Campbell, Alastair V, Gillon, Raanan, Savulescu, Julian, Harris, John, Holm, Soren, Evans, H Martyn, Greaves, David, Macnaughton, Jane, Kirklin, Deborah, and Eckstein, Sue. "The Journal of Medical Ethics and Medical Humanities: offsprings of the London Medical Group." Journal of medical ethics 39, no. 11(2013) : 667-8. eScholarID:225021 | DOI:10.1136/medethics-2013-101813
  • Hofmann, Bjørn, Myhr, Anne Ingeborg, and Holm, Søren. "Scientific dishonesty--a nationwide survey of doctoral students in Norway." BMC medical ethics 14(2013) : 3. eScholarID:225016 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6939-14-3
  • Søren Holm. "From steward to Stuart: some problems in deciding for others." Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly 62, no. 5(2012) : 617-631. eScholarID:144098
  • Ploug T, Holm S, Brodersen J. "To nudge or not to nudge: cancer screening programmes and the limits of libertarian paternalism." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health(2012) . eScholarID:172324 | DOI:doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201194
  • Ploug, Thomas, and Holm, Søren. "Pharmaceutical information systems and possible implementations of informed consent - developing an heuristic." BMC medical ethics 13, no. 1(2012) : 30. eScholarID:184289 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6939-13-30
  • Ploug, Thomas, and Holm, Søren. "Pharmaceutical information systems and possible implementations of informed consent -- developing an heuristic." BMC medical ethics 13(2012) : 30. eScholarID:225023 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6939-13-30
  • Søren Holm. "Moral Obligation and Changes in personal identity." Trames 15, no. 65/60(2011) : 179-187. eScholarID:144102 | DOI:10.3176/tr.2011.2.06
  • Søren Holm. "The 36th meeting of the Pay and Conditions Committee of the Union of Philosopher's Sages and Other Luminaries (UK University Branch) - Or Doping and Proportionality." International Journal of Sports Policy and Politics 3, no. 2(2011) : 221-229. eScholarID:144101
  • Søren Holm. "Who should decide the content of Professional Ethics?" Journal of Applied Ethics and Philosophy 3(2011) : 1-8. eScholarID:144099
  • Holm, S. "Commentary: systems, rules and the costs of being ethical--a response to D. Chalmers and to S. Whitney and C. Schneider." Journal of internal medicine 269, no. 4(2011) : 403-6. eScholarID:143954 | DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2796.2011.02351_3.x
  • Holm, Søren. "Classification and normativity: some thoughts on different ways of carving up the field of bioethics." Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20, no. 2(2011) : 165-73. eScholarID:143956 | DOI:10.1017/S0963180110000812
  • Holm, Søren. "Can "giving preference to my patients" be explained as a role related duty in public health care systems?" Health care analysis : HCA : journal of health philosophy and policy 19, no. 1(2011) : 89-97. eScholarID:143958 | DOI:10.1007/s10728-010-0164-6
  • Holm, Søren. "Final responsibility for treatment choice: the proper role of medical doctors?" Health expectations : an international journal of public participation in health care and health policy 14, no. 2(2011) : 201-9. eScholarID:143955 | DOI:10.1111/j.1369-7625.2011.00673.x
  • Holm, Søren. "Withdrawing from research: a rethink in the context of research biobanks." Health care analysis : HCA : journal of health philosophy and policy 19, no. 3(2011) : 269-81. eScholarID:143957 | DOI:10.1007/s10728-011-0194-8
  • Karlsen, Jan Reinert, Solbakk, Jan Helge, and Holm, Søren. "Ethical endgames: broad consent for narrow interests; open consent for closed minds." Cambridge quarterly of healthcare ethics : CQ : the international journal of healthcare ethics committees 20, no. 4(2011) : 572-83. eScholarID:143953 | DOI:10.1017/S0963180111000314
  • Søren Holm, Teck Chuan Voo. "Brain-Machine Interfaces and Perosnal Responsibility for Action - Maybe not as Complicated after all." Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 4, no. 3(2010) . eScholarID:144100
  • Tapp, Laura, Edwards, Adrian, Elwyn, Glyn, Holm, Soren, and Eriksson, Tina. "Quality improvement in general practice: enabling general practitioners to judge ethical dilemmas." Journal of medical ethics 36, no. 3(2010) : 184-8. eScholarID:143952 | DOI:10.1136/jme.2009.032078
  • Coggon, J., Holm, S. "Best Interests: A reappraisal." Health Care Analysis 16, no. 3(2008) : 193-196. eScholarID:223478 | DOI:10.1007/s10728-008-0091-y
  • Takala, T., Holm, S. "High hopes and automatic escalators: A critique of some"new" arguments in bioethics." Journal of Medical Ethics 33[1](2006) : 1-4. eScholarID:1b3455
  • Hasman, A, and Holm, S. "Direct-to-consumer advertising: Should there be a free market in healthcare information?" Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15, no. 1(2006) : 42-49. eScholarID:92247 | DOI:10.1017/S0963180106060051
  • Holm, Soren. "Reply to Sandin: The Paradox of Precaution Is Not Dispelled by Attention to Context." Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. Spr 15, no. 2(2006) : 184-187. eScholarID:92252 | DOI:10.1017/S0963180106060221
  • Holm, S. "Response to "The creation lottery" by Julian Savulescu and John Harris (CQ Vol 13, No 1). The creation lottery and method in bioethics: a comment on Savulescu and Harris." Cambridge quarterly of healthcare ethics : CQ : the international journal of healthcare ethics committees 13, no. 3(2004) : 283-287. eScholarID:92240 | DOI:10.1017/S0963180104133136
  • Holm, Soren. "If You Have Said A, You Must also Say B: Is This Always True?" Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. Spr 13, no. 2(2004) : 179-184. eScholarID:92238 | DOI:10.1017/S0963180104132118
  • Holm, Soren. "The Child As Organ and Tissue Donor: Discussions in the Danish Council of Ethics." Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. Spr 13, no. 2(2004) : 156-160. eScholarID:92239 | DOI:10.1017/S0963180104132076
  • Harris, J., Holm, S. "Should We Presume Moral Turpitude in our Children - Small Children adn Consent to Medical research." Theoretical Medicine 24 No. 2(2003) : 121-122. eScholarID:1b3372
  • Holm, S. "The Ethical Case against Stem Cell Research." Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12, no. 4(2003) : 372-383. eScholarID:92234 | DOI:10.1017/S0963180103124061
  • Harris, J., Holm, S. "The Role of a Church (or other ideologically based interest group) In Developing the Law - A Plea for etheral Intervention." The Journal of Medical ethics 28 No.4(2002) : 219-221. eScholarID:1b3382 | DOI:10.1136/jme.28.4.219
  • Erin, C A., Holm, S. "Deciding on Life - An Ethical Analysis of the Manchester Conjoined Twins Case." Journal - Jahrbuch fur Wissenschaft und Ethik(2001) : 67-87. eScholarID:1b3314
  • Bennett, R., Holm, S. "Genetic research on tissues stored in tissue banks." ISUMA:Canadian Journal of Policy Research 2(3)(2001) : 106-112. eScholarID:1b997
  • A Fabrin, A Hasman, K Kristensen, L Rabol, Holm, S. "Do doctors know the content of the Hippocratic oath and other medical oaths and declarations." Bulletin of Medical Ethics 154 (January)(2000) : 13-16. eScholarID:1b205
  • Holm, S., P Liss, O Norheim. "Access to Health Care in the Scandinavian Countries: Ethical Aspects." Health Care Analysis 7(4)(1999) : 321-330. eScholarID:1b204
  • E Bjorn, P Rossel, Holm, S. "Can the written information to research subjects be improved? - an empirical study." Journal of Medical Ethics 25(1)(1999) : 263-67. eScholarID:1b197
  • S Madsen, Holm, S., P Riis. "Ethical aspects of clinical trials: the attitudes of the public and out-patients." Journal of Internal Medicin 245(1999) : 571-79. eScholarID:1b198
  • Holm, S., P Rossel. "How does the public perceive the motives of medical researchers for doing research?" Bulletin of Medical Ethics 146(March)(1999) : 16-17. eScholarID:1b196
  • S Madsen, Holm, S., P Riis. "Hvor udforlig information og hvor lang betaenkningstid onsker potentielle forsogspersoner? (How explicit information do prospective research participants want?)." Ugeskrift for Laeger 161(18)(1999) : 2661-6. eScholarID:1b201
  • E Jorgensen, Holm, S. "Prediction of neurological outcome after cardiopulmonary resuscitation." Resuscitation 41(1999) : 145-52. eScholarID:1b199
  • B Forsman, Holm, S., K Fleischhauer, D Serrao. "The Danish debate on priorities in health care." The Debate on Priorities in Health Care in : Sweden, Denmark, Germany & Portugal Studies in Medical Ethics 6(1999) : 56-73. eScholarID:1b207
  • Holm, S. "A life in the Shadow: One Reason Why We Should Not Clone Humans." Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1998 7, no. 2(1998) : 160-162. eScholarID:1b195
  • Harris, J., Holm, S. "Ethical Issues in Pre-implantation diagnosis." The Future of Human Reproduction(1998) : 176-190. eScholarID:1b206
  • Holm, S. "Goodbye to the simple solutions: the second phase of priority setting in health care." BMJ 317(7164)(1998) : 1000-1002. eScholarID:1b194
  • A Hasman, Holm, S. "Laege-patientforholdet i laegeromaner (The doctor-patient relationship in "Doctors novels")." Manedsskrift for Praktisk Laegegerning 76(12)(1998) : 1603-7. eScholarID:1b200
  • Holm, S. "What does phenomenology offer to medical ethics?" Advances in Bioethics: Critical Reflections on Medical Ethics 4(1998) : 229-243. eScholarID:1b111
  • Holm, S., H Wulff. "Os Comites de Etica na Dinamarca.". eScholarID:1b202
  • Holm, S??ren, and Williams-Jones, Bryn. "Global bioethics -- myth or reality?" BMC medical ethics 7E10. eScholarID:38581 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6939-7-10
  • Holm, S??ren, and Williams-Jones, Bryn. "Global bioethics -- myth or reality?" BMC medical ethics 7E10. eScholarID:38636 | DOI:10.1186/1472-6939-7-10

Journal contribution

  • Søren Holm, Michael J McNamee, Fabio Pigozzi. "Ethical Practice and sports physician protection: a proposal." British Journal of Sports Medicine(2011) . eScholarID:144104 | DOI:10.1136/bjsm.2011.086124


  • Harris, J., Holm, S. The Right to Found a Family. 1999.
  • Holm, S. Ethical aspects of the use of "sensitive information" in health car research., HIV adn AIDS testing, screening, and confidentiality. Ed. Bennett, R. Erin, C. 1999. 200-215.
  • Holm, S. Etiske problemer i forbindelse med manipulation af menneskelige fostre (Ethical problems in connection with the manipulation of human foetuses), Det Etiske Rad: Det menneskeskabte menneske - fremtiden med genetik og kloning. 1999. 41-49.
  • Holm, S. Is society responsible for my health?, HIV and AIDS: Screening, Testing and Confidentiality. Ed. Bennett, R. Erin, C. 1999. 0-19-823801-0. Clarendon Press, Oxford. 125-139.
  • Holm, S. Kristen etik i en verdslig verden (Christian Ethics in a secular world), Rapport fra Arbejdsmarkeds-Etisk Rad. 1999.
  • Holm, S., B Forsman, K Fleischaver, D Serrao. The Danish debate on priorities in health care. 1999. Department of Medical Ethics, Denmark, Germany & Portugal. 56-73.
  • I de Beaufort, Erin, C A., J Harris, Holm, S. Communicable Diseases, Lifestyles and Personal Responsibility: Ethics and Rights, Final Report to the European Commission. 1999.
  • Holm, S. Abortmodstand eller modstand mod abort, Abort i 25 ar. Ed. Petersson, B. Knudsen, L. Helweg-Larsen, K. 1998. L & R Fakta, Copenhagen. 152-157.
  • Holm, S. Alt afhaenger af ojnene som ser - nye tal for eutanasi i Holland, Ugeskrift for Laeger. Vol. 160(4). 1998. 442-3.
  • Holm, S. Alternativer til organtransplantation I: Giv mig dit hjerte - organdoinationens etiske dilemma, Det Etiske Rad. Ed. Holm, C. 1998. Copenhagen. 111-126.
  • Holm, S. Ethical issues in pre-implantation diagnosis, The Future of Human Reproduction. Ed. Harris, J. 1998. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 176-190.
  • Holm, S. Information til kraeftpatienter i forbindelse med forsog, FS 13 Nyt. Vol. 18(3). 1998. 14-18.
  • Holm, S. Kan man overhovedat diskutere etik?, Til Tro. Vol. 30(3). 1998. 11-12.
  • Holm, S. Kommunikation med laeger, Ugeskrift for Laeger. Vol. 160(22). 1998. 3274.
  • Holm, S. La convenzione bioetica europea e la soluzione dei problemi bioetici dell' Europa?, Bioetica. Vol. 4. 1998. 570-577.
  • Holm, S. Med ondt skal ondt fordrives?, Ugeskrift for Laeger. Vol. 160(25). 1998. 3791.
  • Holm, S. Mind, Body and Mental Illness: A Critical Review of Antonio R. Damasio's, Descartes Error, Philosophy, Psychiatry & Psychology. Vol. 5(4). 1998. 337-42.
  • Holm, S. The Foundations of Bioethics, Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy. Vol. 1(1). 1998. 75-77.
  • Holm, S. Viden og vidensproduktion, Sporssmalet bestemmer metoden. Ed. Lorensen, M. 1998. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo. 14-31.
  • Holm, S., A Hasman. Laege-pateintforholdet i laegeromaner, Manedsskrift for Praktisk Laegegerning. Vol. 76(12). 1998. 1603-7.
  • Holm, S., E Jorgensen. The natural course of neurological recovery following cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Resuscitation. Vol. 36. 1998. 111-122.
  • Holm, S., Harris, J. Rights and Reproductive Choice, The Future of Human Reproduction: Choice and Regulation. 1998. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 5-37.
  • Holm, S. Arvesyge aseddonorer, Ugeskrift for Laeger. Vol. 159(42). 1997. 6254-55.
  • Holm, S. Autonomy., Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics. Vol. 1. Ed. Chadwick, R. 1997. 0-12-227065-7. Academic Press, San Diego. 267-74.
  • Holm, S. Ekstremt tidligt fodte - hvem skal afgore deres skaebne, Ugeskrift for Laeger. Vol. 159(50). 1997. 7473.
  • Holm, S. Ethical Problems in Clinical Practice - The Ethical Reasoning of Health Care Professionals. 1997. 0-7190-5049-9. Manchester University Press, Manchester. 222.
  • Holm, S. Etik i sparetider, Farmaci. Vol. 104(9). 1997. 12-13.
  • Holm, S. Etiske problemer i forebyggelsen, Bibliotek for Laeger. Vol. 189(2). 1997. 206-213.
  • Holm, S. Europaradets nye konvention om menneskerettigheder og biomedicin, Bibliotek for Laeger. Vol. 189(1). 1997. 102-108.
  • Holm, S. Hippokrates og den medicinske etik - igen, igen, Ugeskrift for Laeger. Vol. 159(29). 1997. 4561-2.
  • Holm, S. Hvad er etik? - en kort introduktion, Ekspert og medmenneske - om etik i sundhedsvaesenet. Ed. Lutzen, K. 1997. Akademisk Forlag, Copenhagen. 17-22.
  • Holm, S. Hvordan taenker laegen om etik?, Ekspoert og medmenneske - om etik i sundheds - vaesenet. 1997. Akademisk Forlag, Copenhagen. 57-67.
  • Holm, S. Kristen etik i et pluralistisk samfund, Bibliotek dor Laeger. Vol. 189(3). 1997. 232-237.
  • Holm, S. Kvalitativ forskning, Bibliotek for Laeger. Vol. 189(3). 1997. 259-267.
  • Holm, S. Metodi standardizzati per la rilevazione dei dati in bioetica, La Ricerca in bioetica: politiche, metodi, strategie. Ed. Gindro, S. Bracalenti, R. Mordini, E. 1997. CIC International, Rome. 41-46.
  • Holm, S. Nye genetiske test, Mansdsskrift for Praktisk Laegegerning. Vol. 75(9). 1997. 1187-92.
  • Holm, S. Survey methods in bioethics, European Commission Report. Vol. EUR 17465 EN. Ed. Gindro, S. Bracalenti, R. Mordini, E. 1997. Bruxelles. 61-67.
  • Holm, S., A Hasman, N Hansen, A Lassen, R Rabol. Havd takes der om i danske hospitalselevatorer, Ugeskrift for Laeger. Vol. 159(46). 1997. 6819-21.
  • Holm, S., H Wulff. Biotek som undervisningsfag, Tandlaegebladet. Vol. 101(8). 1997. 427-431.
  • Holm, S., Harris, J. Why should doctor's take risks? Professional responsibility and the assumption of risk, The Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. Vol. 90. 1997. 625-629.
  • Holm, S., J Harris. Risk-taking and professional responsibility, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. Vol. 90. 1997. 625-629.
  • Holm, S., K Bendstrup, J Ingemann Jensen. Outpatient rehabilitation improves activities of daily living, quality of life and exercise tolerance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, The European Respiratory Journal. Vol. 10. 1997. 2801-6.
  • Holm, S., K Boyd, R Higgs, A Pinching. Moral psychology. The New Dictionary of Medical Ethics, British Medical Journal. 1997. British Medical Journal, London. 163-4.
  • Holm, S., K Lutzen. Ekspert og medmenneske - om etik i sundhedsvaesenet. 1997. Akademisk Forlag, Copenhagen.
  • Holm, S., P Ohrstrom, C Donner, C Kardio. A simulation of a cardiac care unit intended for the study of the ethical components of medical decision-making. 1997. Aalborg.
  • Erin, C A., Holm, S. Regulation, etc., of the 'market' in cord blood.