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Professor Andy Vail - publications

List of publications


  • Patchick PL, Horne M, Woodward-Nutt K, Vail A, Bowen A. Development of a patient-centred, patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for post-stroke cognitive rehabilitation: qualitative interviews with stroke survivors to inform design and content. H E X, eScholarID:239834
  • Tyson S, Wilkinson J, Thomas N, Selles R, McCabe C, Tyrrell P, Vail A. Phase II pragmatic randomized controlled trial of patient-led mirror therapy and lower limb exercises in acute stroke. N N R, eScholarID:241270


  • Horne M, Thomas N, Mccabe C, Selles R, Vail A, Tyrrell P, Tyson S. (2015). Disabil Rehabil, 37(25), 2344-2349. eScholarID:282451 | DOI:10.3109/09638288.2015.1024341
  • Wallingford SC, Russell SA, Vail A, Proby CM, Lear JT, Green AC. (2015). Actinic keratosis, actinic field change and associations with squamous cell carcinoma in renal transplant recipients in Manchester, UK. Acta Derm Venereol, 95, 830-834. eScholarID:282449 | DOI:10.2340/00015555-2098
  • Smith CJ, Kishore AK, Vail A, Chamorro A, Garau J, Hopkins SJ, Di Napoli M, Kalra L, Langhorne P, Montaner J, Roffe C, Rudd AG, Tyrrell PJ, van de Beek D, Woodhead M, Meisel A. (2015). Diagnosis of stroke-associated pneumonia: recommendations from the Pneumonia In Stroke ConsEnsuS (PISCES) Group. Stroke, 46, 2335-2340. eScholarID:282454 | DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.009617
  • Parry-Jones A, Mould A, Vail A, Hanley D. (2015). Edema extension distance: an outcome measure for phase II clinical trials targeting edema after intracerebral haemorrhage. Stroke, 46, e137-e140. eScholarID:282453 | DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.008818
  • Kishore A, Vail A, Chamorro A, Garau J, Hopkins S, Di Napoli M, Kalra L, Langhorne P, Montaner J, Roffe C, Rudd A, Tyrrell P, van de Beek D, Woodhead M, Meisel A, Smith S. (2015). How is pneumonia diagnosed in clinical stroke research? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Stroke, 46, 1202-1209. eScholarID:282445 | DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.007843
  • Tyson S, Wilkinson J, Thomas N, Selles R, McCabe C, Tyrrell P, Vail A. (2015). Phase II pragmatic randomized controlled trial of patient-led therapies (mirror therapy and lower limb exercises) during inpatient stroke rehabilitation. N N R, eScholarID:282448 | DOI:10.1177/1545968314565513.
  • Tyson SF, Thomas N, Vail A, Tyrrell P. (2015). Recruiting to in-patient based rehabilitation trials: lessons learnt from a randomised controlled trial of patient-led therapy during stroke rehabilitation. Trials, 16, 75. eScholarID:282457 | DOI:10.1186/s13063-015-0588-2
  • Horne M, Thomas N, Vail A, Selles R, McCabe C, Tyson S. (2015). Staff's views of delivering patient-led therapy during in-patient stroke rehabilitation: a focus group study with lessons for trial fidelity. Trials, 16, 137. eScholarID:282450 | DOI:10.1186/s13063-015-0646-9
  • Akobeng AK, O’Leary N, Vail A, Brown N, Widiatmoko D, Fagbemi A, Thomas AG. (2015). Telephone consultation as a substitute for routine out-patient face-to-face consultation for children with inflammatory bowel disease: randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation. EBioMedicine, 2, 1251-1256. eScholarID:282456 | DOI:


  • Wig S, Wilkinson J, Moore T, Manning J, Chevance A, Vail A, Herrick A. (2014). A longitudinal study of ankle brachial pressure indices in a cohort of patients with systemic sclerosis. Rheumatology (Oxford), 53(11), 2009-2013. eScholarID:239824 | DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/keu227
  • Evans JA, Bailey M, Vail A, Tyrrell PJ, Parry-Jones AR, Patel HC. (2014). A simple tool to identify elderly patients with a surgically important acute subdural haematoma. Injury, eScholarID:241268 | DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2014.07.009
  • Kishore A, Vail A, Majid A, Dawson J, Lees KR, Tyrrell PJ, Smith CJ. (2014). Detection of atrial fibrillation after ischemic stroke or TIA: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Stroke, 45, 520-526. eScholarID:220327 | DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.003433
  • Patchick PL, Horne M, Woodward-Nutt K, Vail A, Bowen A. (2014). Development of a patient-centred, patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for post-stroke cognitive rehabilitation: qualitative interviews with stroke survivors to inform design and content. H E X, eScholarID:282442 | DOI:10.1111/hex.12311
  • Hurford R, Rezvani S, Kreimei M, Herbert A, Vail A, Parry-Jones AR, Douglass C, Molloy J, Alachkar H, Tyrrell PJ, Smith CJ. (2014). Incidence, predictors and clinical characteristics of orolingual angioedema complicating thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator for ischaemic stroke. J N N P, eScholarID:239828 | DOI:10.1136/jnnp-2014-308097
  • Stephens R, Mulvenna P, Nankivell M, Langley R, Vail A, Parmar M. (2014). Interim results in clinical trials: do we need to keep all interim randomised clinical trial results confidential? Lung Cancer, 85(2), 116-118. eScholarID:239837 | DOI:10.1016/j.lungcan.2014.05.012
  • Galea JP, Tyrrell PJ, King AT, Patel HC, Vail A, Hopkins SJ. (2014). Pitfalls in microdialysis methodology: an analysis of temperature, pressure and catheter use. 35(3), N21-N28. eScholarID:239818 | DOI:10.1088/0967-3334/35/3/N21
  • Skae MS, Avatapalle HB, Banerjee I, Rigby L, Vail A, Foster P, Charalambous C, Bowden L, Padidela R, Patel L, Ehtisham S, Cosgrove KE, Dunne MJ, Clayton PE. (2014). Reduced glycaemic variability in diazoxide-responsive children with congenital hyperinsulinism using supplemental omega-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids; a pilot trial with MaxEPA. eScholarID:239825 | DOI:10.3389/fendo.2014.00031
  • Gould M, Farrar MD, Kift R, Berry JL, Mughal MZ, Bundy C, Vail A, Webb AR, Rhodes LE. (2014). Sunlight exposure and photoprotection behaviour of white Caucasian adolescents in the UK. eScholarID:239831 | DOI:10.1111/jdv.12669
  • Rhodes LE, Webb AR, Berry JL, Felton SJ, Marjanovic EJ, Wilkinson JD, Vail A, Kift R. (2014). Sunlight exposure behaviour and vitamin D status in photosensitive patients: longitudinal comparative study with healthy individuals at UK latitude. B J D, eScholarID:239832 | DOI:10.1111/bjd.13325
  • Singh N, Hopkins S, Hulme S, Galea J, Hoadley M, Vail A, Hutchinson P, Grainger S, Rothwell N, King A, Tyrrell P. (2014). The effect of intravenous interleukin-1 receptor antagonist on inflammatory mediators in cerebrospinal fluid after subarachnoid haemorrhage: a phase II randomised controlled trial. J N I, 11, eScholarID:220328 | DOI:10.1186/1742-2094-11-1
  • Armstrong S, Vail A, Mastenbroek S, Jordan V, Farquhar C. (2014). Time-lapse in the IVF-lab: how should we assess potential benefit? Hum Reprod, eScholarID:239839 | DOI:10.1093/humrep/deu250


  • Ennis H, Vail A, Wragg E, Taylor A, Moore T, Murray A, Muir L, Griffiths CEM, Herrick A. (2013). A prospective study of systemic sclerosis-related digital ulcers: prevalence, location and functional impact. 42(6), 483-486. eScholarID:210220 | DOI:10.3109/03009742.2013.780095
  • Parry-Jones AR, Abid KA, Di Napoli M, Smith CJ, Vail A, Patel HC, King AT, Tyrrell PJ. (2013). Accuracy and clinical usefulness of intracerebral hemorrhage grading scores: a direct comparison in a UK population. Stroke, 44(7), 1840-1845. eScholarID:210219 | DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.001009
  • Ennis H, Moore T, Murray A, Vail A, Herrick A. (2013). Further confirmation that digital ulcers are associated with the severity of abnormality on nailfold capillaroscopy in patients with systemic sclerosis. Rheumatology (Oxford), eScholarID:220326 | DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/ket386.
  • Kift R, Berry JL, Vail A, Durkin MT, Rhodes LE, Webb AR. (2013). Lifestyle factors including less cutaneous sun exposure contribute to starkly lower vitamin D status in UK South Asians compared to the white Caucasian population. 169, 1272-1278. eScholarID:210221 | DOI:10.1111/bjd.12518
  • Childs C, Liu K, Vail A, Pan J. (2013). Time-dependent relationships between human brain and body temperature after severe traumatic brain injury. 2(1), 14-22. eScholarID:220323
  • Farquhar C, Moore V, Bhattacharya S, Blake D, Vail A, Thomas J, Cheong Y, Showell M, Nagels H, Marjoribanks J. (2013). Twenty years of Cochrane reviews in menstrual disorders and subfertility. Human Reproduction, 28(11), 2883-2892. eScholarID:210222 | DOI:10.1093/humrep/det334
  • Abid K, Vail A, Patel HC, King AT, Tyrrell P, Parry-Jones A. (2013). Which factors influence decisions to transfer and treat acute intracerebral haemorrhage patients and which are associated with prognosis? A retrospective cohort study. B M J Open, eScholarID:220325 | DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003684.


  • Bowen A, Knapp P, Gillespie D, Nicolson DJ, Vail A. (2012). A systematic review of non- pharmacological perceptual rehabilitation after stroke and other adult-acquired non progressive brain injury. Stroke, 43, e3. eScholarID:147588 | DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.636308
  • Johnstone EM, Hutchinson CE, Vail A, Chevance A, Herrick AL. (2012). Acro-osteolysis in systemic sclerosis is associated with digital ischaemia and severe calcinosis. Rheumatology, eScholarID:171582 | DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/kes214
  • Hopkins SJ, McMahon CJ, Singh N, Galea J, Hoadley M, Scarth S, Patel H, Vail A, Hulme S, Rothwell NJ, King AT and Tyrrell PJ. (2012). Cerebrospinal fluid and plasma cytokines after subarachnoid haemorrhage: CSF interleukin 6 may be an early marker of infection. J Neuroinflammation, 9, 255-263. eScholarID:210218 | DOI:10.1186/1742-2094-9-255
  • Bowen A, Hesketh A, Patchick E, Young A, Davies L, Vail A, Long A, Watkins C, Wilkinson M, Pearl G, Lambon Ralph M, Tyrrell P. (2012). Clinical effectiveness, cost effectiveness and service users’ perceptions of early, intensively resourced communication therapy following a stroke, a randomised controlled trial (The ACT NoW Study). Health Technology Assessment (in press), 16(26), eScholarID:147606 | DOI:10.3310/hta16260
  • Bowen A, Hesketh A, Patchick E, Young A, Davies L, Vail A, Long A, Watkins C, Wilkinson M, Pearl G, Lambon Ralph M, Tyrrell P. (2012). Effectiveness of enhanced communication therapy in the first four months after stroke for aphasia and dysarthria: a randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 345, e4407. eScholarID:171581 | DOI:10.1136/bmj.e4407
  • McMahon CJ, Hopkins S, Vail A, King AT, Smith D, Illingworth KJ, Clark S, Rothwell NJ, Tyrrell PJ. (2012). Inflammation as a predictor for delayed cerebral ischaemia after aneurismal subarachnoid haemorrhage. J NeuroInterventional Surg, 9, eScholarID:210216 | DOI:10.1186/1742-2094-9-255
  • Smith, CJ, Emsley HC, Udeh CT, Vail A, Hoadley ME, Rothwell NJ, Tyrrell PJ, Hopkins SJ. (2012). Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist reverses stroke-associated peripheral immune suppression. Cytokine, 58(3), 384-389. eScholarID:171580 | DOI:10.1016/j.cyto.2012.02.016
  • Kendall D, Vail A, Amin R, Barrett T, Dimitri P, Ivison F, Kibirige M, Mathew V, Matyka K, McGovern A, Stirling H, Tetlow L, Wales J, Wright N, Clayton P, Hall C. (2012). Metformin in Obese Children and Adolescents: the MOCA trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metabolism, eScholarID:210217 | DOI:10.1210/jc.2012-2710
  • van Wely M, Kwan I, Burt AL, Thomas J, Vail A, Van der Veen F, Al-Inany HG. (2012). Recombinant versus urinary gonadotrophin for ovarian stimulation in assisted reproductive technology cycles: a Cochrane Review. Hum Reprod Update, 18(2), 111. eScholarID:171579 | DOI:10.1093/humupd/dmr048
  • Baryan HK, Allan SM, Vail A, Smith CJ. (2012). Systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy of statins in experimental stroke. International Journal of Stroke, 7, 150-156. eScholarID:147625 | DOI:10.1111/j.1747-4949.2011.00740.x
  • Adam C, Lockton E, Gaile J, Freed J, Earl G, McBean K, Nash M, Green J, Vail A, Law J. (2012). The Social Communication Intervention Programme: a randomised controlled trial of speech and language therapy for school-age children who have pragmatic language impairment with or without autism spectrum disorder. Intl J Language & Communication Disorders, 47(3), 233-244. eScholarID:147622 | DOI:10.1111/j.1460-6984.2011.00146.x
  • Murray A, Vail A, Moore T, Manning J, Taylor C, Herrick A. (2012). The influence of measurement location on reliability of quantitative nailfold videocapillaroscopy in patients with systemic sclerosis. Rheumatology, eScholarID:147624 | DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/kes007


  • Drake C, Boutin H, Jones MS, Denes A, McColl BW, Selvarajah JR, Hulme S, Georgiou RF, Hinz R, Gerhard A, Vail A, Prenant C, Julyan P, Maroy R, Brown G, Smigova A, Herholz K, Kassiou M, Crossman D, Francis S, Proctor SD, Russell JC, Hopkins SJ, Tyrrell PJ, Rothwell NJ, Allan SM. (2011). Brain inflammation is induced by co-morbidities and risk factors for stroke. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 25(6), 1113-1122. eScholarID:147598 | DOI:10.1016/j.bbi.2011.02.008
  • Selvarajah JR, Smith CJ, Hulme S, Georgiou R, Sherrington C, Staniland J, Illingworth KJ, Jury F, Payton A, Ollier WE, Vail A, Rothwell NJ, Hopkins SJ, Tyrrell PJ. (2011). Does inflammation predispose to recurrent vascular events after recent TIA and minor stroke? The NORTHSTAR study. International Journal of Stroke, 163(5), 187-194. eScholarID:135023 | DOI:10.1111/j.1747-4949.2010.00561.x
  • Bowen A, Knapp P, Gillespie D, Nicolson DJ, Vail A. (2011). Non-pharmacological interventions for perceptual disorders following stroke and other adult-acquired, non-progressive brain injury. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (4), eScholarID:135026 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD007039.pub2
  • Hirst WM, Vail A, Brison DR, Roberts SA. (2011). Prognostic factors influencing fresh and frozen IVF outcomes: an analysis of the UK national database. Reprod Biomed Online, 22, 437-448. eScholarID:135029 | DOI:10.1016/j.rbmo.2010.12.008
  • van Wely M, Kwan I, Burt AL, Thomas J, Vail A, Van der Veen F, Al-Inany HG. (2011). Recombinant versus urinary gonadotrophin for ovarian stimulation in assisted reproductive technology cycles. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2011(February), CD005354. eScholarID:135025 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD005354.pub2
  • Farrar MD, Kift R, Cooper SJ, Webb AR, Durkin MT, Allan D, Vail A, Berry JL, Rhodes LE. (2011). Recommended summer sunlight exposure levels fail to produce sufficient vitamin D status in UK adults of South Asian origin. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 94, 1219-1224. eScholarID:135027 | DOI:10.3945/ajcn.111.019976
  • Roberts SA, McGowan L, Hirst WM, Brison DR, Vail A, Rutherford A and the towardSET collaboration. (2011). Reducing the incidence of Twins from IVF treatments: Predictive modelling from a retrospective cohort. Human Reproduction, 26(3), 569-575. eScholarID:135028 | DOI:10.1093/humrep/deq352
  • Walker D-M, Marlow N, Upstone, L, Gross, H. Hornbuckle J, Vail A, Wolke D, Thornton JG. (2011). The Growth Restriction Intervention Trial: long-term outcomes in a randomized trial of timing of delivery in fetal growth restriction. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 204(1), 34.e1-34.e9. eScholarID:135024 | DOI:10.1016/j.ajog.2010.09.019
  • Roberts SA, McGowan L, Vail A, Brison DR. (2011). The use of single embryo transfer to reduce the incidence of twins: Implications and questions for practice from the ‘TowardSET?’ project. Human Fertility, 14(2), 89-96. eScholarID:135030 | DOI:10.3109/14647273.2011.568037


  • Roberts SA, Hirst WM, Brison DR, Vail A and the Toward SET collaboration. (2010). Embryo and Uterine influences on IVF outcomes: An analysis of a UK multicentre cohort. Human Reproduction, 25(11), 2792-2802. eScholarID:109579 | DOI:10.1093/humrep/deq213
  • Sadik HY, Moore T, Vail A, Murray A, Anderson M, Blann A, Herrick AL. (2010). Lack of effect of 8 weeks’ atorvastatin on microvascular endothelial function in patients with systemic sclerosis. Rheumatology, 49(5), 990-996. eScholarID:109567 | DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/keq003
  • Herrick A, Moore T, Murray A, Whidby N, Manning J, Bhushan M, Vail A. (2010). Nail-fold capillary abnormalities are associated with anti-centromere antibody and severity of digital ischaemia. Rheumatology, 49(9), 1776-1782. eScholarID:109570 | DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/keq139
  • Mercer LK, Moore TL, Murray AK, Chinoy H, Vail A, Cooper RG, Herrick AL. (2010). Quantitative nailfold video capillaroscopy in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. Rheumatology, 49(9), 1699-1705. eScholarID:109569 | DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/keq051
  • Rhodes LE, Webb AR, Fraser HI, Kift R, Durkin M, Allan D, O’Brien SJ, Vail A, Berry JL. (2010). Recommended Summer Sunlight Exposure Levels can Produce Sufficient (≥20 ng/mL) but not the Proposed Optimal (≥32 ng/mL) 25(OH)D Levels at UK Latitudes. J Invest Dermatol, 130, 1411-1418. eScholarID:109562 | DOI:10.1038/jid.2009.417
  • Sacho RH, Vail A, Rainey T, King AT, Childs C. (2010). The effect of spontaneous alterations in brain temperature on outcome: a prospective observational cohort study in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurotrauma, 27(12), 2157-2164. eScholarID:109573 | DOI:10.1089/neu.2010.1384
  • Webb AR, Kift R, Durkin M, O’Brien SJ, Vail A, Berry JL, Rhodes LE. (2010). The role of sunlight exposure in determining the vitamin D status of the UK white Caucasian adult population. British Journal of Dermatology, 163(5), 1050-1055. eScholarID:109571 | DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2010.09975.x
  • Chikura B, Moore TL, Manning JB, Vail A, Herrick AL. (2010). Thumb involvement in Raynaud's phenomenon as an indicator of underlying connective tissue disease. Journal of Rheumatology, 37(4), 783-786. eScholarID:135021 | DOI:10.3899/jrheum.091117
  • Roberts SA, McGowan L, Hirst WM, Brison DR, Vail A, Lieberman BA. (2010). Towards single embryo transfer? Modelling clinical outcomes of potential treatment choices using multiple data sources: predictive models and patient perspectives. Health Technology Assessment, 14(38), eScholarID:109578 | DOI:10.3310/hta14380


  • Selvarajah JR, Glaves M, Wainwright J, Jha A, Vail A, Tyrrell PJ. (2009). Classification of Minor Stroke: Intra- and Inter-Observer Reliability. Cerebrovasc Dis, 27( 3), eScholarID:1d32150 | DOI:10.1159/000196817
  • Mills E, Chan A, Wu P, Vail A, Guyatt G, Altman D. (2009). Design, analysis, and presentation of crossover trials. Trials, 10, eScholarID:1d21048 | DOI:10.1186/1745-6215-10-27
  • Kirk D, Rainey T, Vail A, Childs C. (2009). Infra-red thermometry: the reliability of tympanic and temporal artery readings for predicting brain temperature after severe traumatic brain injury. Crit Care, 13( 3), eScholarID:1d21014 | DOI:10.1186/cc7898
  • Brabin L, Roberts SA, Tully MP, Vail A, McNamee R. (2009). Methodological considerations in ethical review - 1. Scientific reviews: what should ethics committees be looking for? Research Ethics Review, 5[1], eScholarID:1d28311 | DOI:10.1177/174701610900500109
  • Tully M, Vail A, Roberts S, Brabin L, McNamee R. (2009). Methodological considerations in ethical review - 3. Sampling and data analysis. Research Ethics Review, 5(3), 121-124. eScholarID:109576 | DOI:10.1177/174701610900500313
  • Roberts S, Brabin L, Vail A, Tully M, McNamee R. (2009). Methodological considerations in ethical review - 4. Research conduct. Research Ethics Review, 5(4), 143-146. eScholarID:109577 | DOI:10.1177/174701610900500404
  • Vail A, Tully MP, Brabin L, Roberts SA, McNamee R. (2009). Methodological considerations in ethical review -2 Are the study aims justified and is the design appropriate? Research Ethics Review, 5[2], eScholarID:1d28386 | DOI:10.1177/174701610900500212
  • Bowen A, West C, Hesketh A, Vail A. (2009). Rehabilitation for apraxia: evidence for short-term improvements in activities of daily living. Stroke, 40, eScholarID:17d517 | DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.536946


  • Ahmad G, Duffy J, Farquhar C, Vail A, Vandekerckhove P, Watson A, Wiseman D. (2008). Barrier agents for adhesion prevention after gynaecological surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, ( 2), eScholarID:1d21020 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD000475.pub2
  • Dias S, McNamee R, Vail A. (2008). Bias in frequently reported analyses of subfertility trials. Statistics in Medicine, 27(27), 5605. eScholarID:1d19047 | DOI:10.1002/sim.3389
  • West C, Bowen A, Hesketh A, Vail A. (2008). Interventions for motor apraxia following stroke. Cochrane Database of Systemtic Reviews, ( 1), eScholarID:1d16987 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD004132.pub2
  • Bowen A, Knapp P, Gillespie D, Vail A. (2008). Non-pharmacological interventions for perceptual disorders following stroke and other adult, acquired, non-progressive brain injury (protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 2, eScholarID:1d17928 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD007039
  • Dubicka B, Carlson G, Vail A, Harrington R. (2008). Prepubertal mania: diagnostic differences between US and UK clinicians. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 17( 3), eScholarID:1d21030 | DOI:10.1007/s00787-007-0649-5
  • Selvarajah JR, Smith CJ, Hulme S, Georgiou RF, Vail A, Tyrrell PJ. (2008). Prognosis in patients with transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and minor stroke attending TIA services in the North West of England: The NORTHSTAR Study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgury and Psychiatry, 79(1), 38-43. eScholarID:1d16820 | DOI:10.1136/jnnp.2007.129163
  • Chikura B, Moore T, Manning J, Vail A, Herrick AL. (2008). Sparing of the thumb in Raynaud's phenomenon. Rheumatology (Oxford), 47 (2), eScholarID:1d16927


  • Moore T, Vail A, Herrick A. (2007). Assessment of digital vascular structure and function in response to bosentan in patients with systemic sclerosis-related Raynaud's phenomenon. Rheumatology (Oxford), 46( 2), eScholarID:1d21040 | DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/kel383
  • Emsley, HCA, Smith, CJ, Gavin, CCM, Georgiou, R, Vail, A, Barberan, EM, Illingworth, K, Scarth, S, Wickramasinghe, V, Hoadley, M, Rothwell, NJ, Tyrrell, PJ, Hopkins, SJ. (2007). Clinical outcome following acute ischaemic stroke relates to both activation and autoregulatory inhibition of cytokine production. BMC Neurol, 7, eScholarID:1d16883 | DOI:10.1186/1471-2377-7-5
  • Kelly S, Mathews D, Mathews J, Vail A. (2007). Reflective consideration of postoperative endophthalmitis as a quality marker. Eye, 21( 11), eScholarID:1d21045 | DOI:10.1038/sj.eye.6701996
  • Mason D, Dickens V, Vail A. (2007). Rehabilitation for hamstring injuries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, ( 1), eScholarID:1d21039 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD004575.pub2
  • McMahon C, McDermott P, Horsfall D, Selvarajah J, King A, Vail A. (2007). The reproducibility of transcranial Doppler middle cerebral artery velocity measurements: implications for clinical practice. Br J Neurosurg, 21( 1), eScholarID:1d21037 | DOI:10.1080/02688690701210539


  • Bouamra O, Wrotchford AS, Sally Hollis, Vail A, Woodford M, Lecky FE. (2006). A new approch to outcome prediction in trauma: a comparison with the TRISS model. Journal of Trauma, 61, eScholarID:1d11659 | DOI:10.1097/01.ta.0000197175.91116.10
  • Childs C, Vail A, Leach T, Rainey T, Protheroe RT, King AT. (2006). Brain temperature and outcome after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Neurocritical Care, 05, 10-14. eScholarID:1d11587 | DOI:10.1385/NCC:5:1:10
  • Dias S, McNamee R, Vail A. (2006). Evidence of improving quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials in subfertility. Hum Reprod, 21( 10), eScholarID:1d21043 | DOI:10.1093/humrep/del236
  • Bouamra O, Wrotchford AS, Hollis S, Vail A, Woodford M, Lecky FE. (2006). Outcome prediction in trauma. Injury, 37, eScholarID:1d14662
  • Farquhar C, Vail A. (2006). Pitfalls in systematic reviews. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol, 18( 4), eScholarID:1d21042 | DOI:10.1097/01.gco.0000233939.44178.4b
  • Townend W, Colin Dibble, Kamran Abid, Vail A, Lecky FE, Roy Sherwood. (2006). Rapid elimination of protein S-100B from serum after minor head trauma. Journal of Neurotrauma, 23(2), 149-55. eScholarID:1d11663
  • Smith CJ, Emsley HCA, Vail A, Georgiou R, Rothwell NJ, Tyrrell PJ, Hopkins SJ. (2006). Variability of the systemic acute phase response after ischemic stroke. J Neuro Sci, 251(1-2), eScholarID:1d27471 | DOI:10.1016/j.jns.2006.09.011


  • Emsley C A, Smith CJ, Georgiou R, Vail A, Hopkins SJ, Rothwell NJ, Tyrrell PJ. (2005). A randomised phase II study of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist in acute stroke patients. Journal of Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry, 76, 1366-1372. eScholarID:1d11509 | DOI:10.1136/jnnp.2004.054882
  • Emsley, HCA, Smith, CJ, Georgiou, R, Vail, A, Tyrrell, PJ, Barberan, EM, Rothwell, NJ, Hopkins, SJ, Audebert, H, Haberl, RL. (2005). Correlation of systemic inflammatory response with infarct volume in acute ischemic stroke patients. Stroke, 36( 2), 228-9; author reply. eScholarID:17d789
  • Childs C, Vail A, Protheroe RT, King AT, Dark PM. (2005). Differences between brain and rectal temperatures during routine critical care of patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Anaesthesia, 60, 759-765. eScholarID:1d26607 | DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2044.2005.04193.x
  • Vail A. (2005). Encyclopaedic companion to Medical Statistics. eds. Everitt Palmer Hodder Arnold, London. eScholarID:4d269
  • Emsley H, Smith CJ, Georgiu R, Vail A, Barberan EM, Rothwell NJ, Tyrrell PJ, Hopkins SJ. (2005). Interleukin-6 and acute ischaemic stroke. Acta Neurol Scand, 112( 4), eScholarID:17d504
  • West C, Hesketh A, Vail A, Bowen A. (2005). Interventions for apraxia of speech following stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, ( 4), eScholarID:1d21044 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD004298.pub2
  • Kwan I, Al-Inany H, Burt AL, Thomas J, Vail A. (2005). Recombinant versus urinary-derived gonadotrophins for ovarian stimulation in in vitro fertilisation and intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection cycles. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2005(3), eScholarID:35056


  • Lumb A, Vail A. (2004). Comparison of academic, application form and social factors in predicting early performance on the medical course. Med Educ, 38( 9), eScholarID:1d21046 | DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2929.2004.01912.x
  • Smith, C, Emsley, H, Gavin, C, Georgiou, R, Vail, A, Barberan, E, Del Zoppo, G, Hallenbeck, J, Rothwell, NJ, Hopkins, S, Tyrrell, P. (2004). Correction: Peak plasma interleukin-6 and other peripheral markers of inflammation in the first week of ischaemic stroke correlate with brain infarct volume, stroke severity and long-term outcome. BMC Neurol, 4( 1), eScholarID:1d29083
  • Thornton JG, Hornbuckle J, Vail A, Spiegelhalter DJ, Levene M. (2004). Infant wellbeing at 2 years of age in the Growth Restriction Intervention (GRIT): multicentred randomised controlled trial. Lancet, 364, 513-20. eScholarID:1d9898 | DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)16809-8
  • Thornton J, Hornbuckle J, Vail A, Spiegelhalter D, Levene M. (2004). Infant wellbeing at 2 years of age in the Growth Restriction Intervention Trial (GRIT): multicentred randomised controlled trial. Lancet, 364( 9433), eScholarID:1d21047 | DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)16809-8
  • Smith, CJ, Emsley, HCA, Gavin, C, Georgiou, R, Vail, A, Barberan, EM, Del Zoppo, G, Hallenbeck, J, Rothwell, NJ, Hopkins, SJ, Tyrrell, PJ. (2004). Peak Plasma Interleukin-6 and Other Periperhal Markers of Inflammation in tne first week of Ischaemic Stroke Correlate with Brain Infarct Volume, Stroke Severity and Long-term Outcome. BMC Neurology, Jan 15; 4:2, eScholarID:1d7415 | DOI:10.1186/1471-2377-4-2
  • Gavin C, Smith CJ, Emsley H, Hughes D, Turnbull I, Vail A, Tyrrell PJ. (2004). Reliability of a semi-automated technique of cerebral infarct volume measurement with CT. Cerebrovasc Dis, 18( 3), eScholarID:1d31875


  • Hornbuckle J, Vail A, Spiegelhalter D, Levene MI, Thornton JG. (2003). A randomised trial of timed delivery for the compromised pre-term fetus: short-term outcomes and Bayesian interpretation. BJOG, 110, 27-32. eScholarID:1d2375
  • Emsley, HCA, Smith, CJ, Gavin,C.M., Georgiou, R, Vail, A, Barberan,E.M., Hallenbeck,J.M., del Zoppo,G.J., Rothwell, NJ, Tyrrell, PJ, Hopkins, SJ. (2003). An early and sustained peripheral inflammatory response in acute ischaemic stroke: relationships with infection and atherosclerosis. Journal of Neuroimmunology, 139, 1-2, 93-101. eScholarID:1d5583 | DOI:10.1016/S0165-5728(03)00134-6
  • Vail A, Gardener E. (2003). Common statistical errors in the design and analysis of subfertility trials. Hum Reprod, 18( 5), eScholarID:1d21050
  • Lim C, Dixon M, Vail A, Forman D, Lynch D, Axon A. (2003). Ten year follow up of ulcerative colitis patients with and without low grade dysplasia. Gut, 52( 8), eScholarID:1d21049


  • Zermansky AG, Petty DR, Raynor DK, Lowe CJ, Freemantle N, Vail A. (2002). Clinical medication review by a pharmacist of patients on repeat prescriptions in general practice: a randomised controlled trial. Health Technology Assessment, 6(20), eScholarID:109560
  • Walter, J, White, F, Hall, S, MacDonald, A, Rylance, G, Boneh, A, Francis, D, Shortland, G, Schmidt, M, Vail, A. (2002). How practical are recommendations for dietary control in phenylketonuria? Lancet, 360( 9326), eScholarID:1d21054 | DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)09334-0
  • DR Elbourne, DG Altman, J Higgins, F Curtin, Worthington HV, Vail A. (2002). Meta-analyses involving cross-over trials:methodological issues. International Journal of Epidemiology, 31, eScholarID:1d2268 | DOI:10.1093/ije/31.1.140
  • Jones A, Munavvar M, Vail A, Aldridge R, Hopkinson L, Rayner C, O'Driscoll B. (2002). Prospective, placebo-controlled trial of 5 vs 10 days of oral prednisolone in acute adult asthma. Respir Med, 96( 11), eScholarID:1d21051
  • Dark PM, Woodford M, Vail A, Kevin Mackway-Jones, Yates DW, Lecky FE. (2002). Systolic hypertension and the response to blunt trauma in infants and children. Resuscitation, 54, 1-9. eScholarID:1d3231


  • Petty D, Zermansky A, Raynor D, Vail A, Lowe C, Freemantle N, Buttress A. (2001). "No thank you": why elderly patients declined to participate in a research study. Pharm World Sci, 23( 1), eScholarID:1d21058
  • PageL, BeakeS, Vail A, McCourtC, HewisonJ. (2001). Clinical outcomes of one-to-one midwifery practice. Br J Midwifery, 9, 700-706. eScholarID:1d5587
  • House A, Knapp P, Bamford J, Vail A. (2001). Mortality at 12 and 24 months after stroke may be associated with depressive symptoms at 1 month. Stroke, 32, 3, 696-701. eScholarID:1d3332
  • Vail A, Hornbuckle J, Spiegelhalter DJ, Thornton JG. (2001). Prospective application of Bayesian monitoring and analysis in an ‘open’ randomised clinical trial. Statist Med, 20, 3777-87. eScholarID:1d2372 | DOI:10.1002/sim.1171
  • Zermansky A, Petty D, Raynor D, Freemantle N, Vail A, Lowe C. (2001). Randomised controlled trial of clinical medication review by a pharmacist of elderly patients receiving repeat prescriptions in general practice. BMJ, 323( 7325), eScholarID:1d21057
  • Smith CJ, Emsley HCA, Libetta CM, Hughes D, Drennan R, Vail A, Tyrrell PJ. (2001). The Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project classification in the early hours of ischemic stroke and relation to infarct site and size on cranial computed tomography. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis, 10( 5), 205-9. eScholarID:1d16881
  • Moore H, Summberbell CD, Vail A, Greenwood DC, Adamson AJ. (2001). The design features and practicalities of conducting a pragmatic cluster randomized trial of obesity management in primary care. Statist Med, 20, 331-40. eScholarID:1d2365 | DOI:10.1002/1097-0258(20010215)20:3<331::AID-SIM795>3.0.CO;2- K


  • Hornbuckle J, Vail A, Abrams K, Thornton J. (2000). Bayesian interpretation of trials: the example of intrapartum electronic fetal heart rate monitoring. BJOG, 107( 1), eScholarID:1d21066
  • Lumb A, Vail A. (2000). Difficulties with anonymous shortlisting of medical school applications and its effects on candidates with non-European names: prospective cohort study. BMJ, 320( 7227), eScholarID:1d21067
  • Vandekerckhove P, Lilford R, Vail A, Hughes E. (2000). Kinin-enhancing drugs for unexplained subfertility in men. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, ( 2), eScholarID:1d21061 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD000153
  • Raynor DK, Nicholson M, Nunney J, Petty D, Vail A, Davies L. (2000). The development and evaluation of an extended adherence support programme by community pharmacists for elderly patients at home. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 8, 157-164. eScholarID:109558
  • Dark PM, Woodford M, Vail A, Kevin Mackway-Jones, Yates DW. (2000). What is a normal blood pressure and pulse rate in an injured child? J Accident & Emergency Medicine, 17(6), 436. eScholarID:17d635