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Professor Andy Vail - publications

List of publications


  • Harper, J., Jackson, E., Sermon, K., Aitken, R. J., Harbottle, S., Mocanu, E., ... Lundin, K. (2017). Adjuncts in the IVF laboratory: where is the evidence for ‘add-on’ interventions?Human Reproduction. . Publication link: 23861ff0-d724-4f2e-9e12-3d1b384bff7a
  • Wilkinson, J., Vail, A., & Roberts, S. A. (2017). Direct-to-consumer advertising of success rates for medically assisted reproduction: a review of national clinic websites. BMJ Open, 7(1), e012218. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012218. Publication link: 00de33b7-51a9-4571-9cae-4cf4426b0dad | PubMed:28082363
  • Felton, S., Kendall, A., Almaedani, A., Urquhart, P., Webb, A., Kift, R., ... Rhodes, L. (2017). Serum endocannabinoids and N-acyl ethanolamines and the influence of simulated solar UVR exposure in humans in vivo. Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences. . Publication link: 6637da07-a38a-45b8-816a-a706d3029697


  • Felton, S. J., Cooke, M. S., Kift, R., Berry, J. L., Webb, A., Lam, P. M. W., ... Rhodes, L. (2016). Concurrent beneficial (vitamin D production) and hazardous (cutaneous DNA damage) impact of repeated low-level summer sunlight exposures. British Journal of Dermatology, 175(6). DOI: 10.1111/bjd.14863. Publication link: 583c8bff-d705-4edf-94da-178dac31fece
  • Wilkinson, J., Roberts, S., Showell, M., Brison, D., & Vail, A. (2016). No common denominator: a review of outcome measures in IVF randomised controlled trials.Human Reproduction. DOI: 10.1093/humrep/dew227. Publication link: 9dc8d486-3fbe-4a39-b02f-aad5ee00a970
  • Farrar, M., Mughal, M. Z., Adams, J. E., Wilkinson, J., Berry, J., Edwards, L., ... Rhodes, L. (2016). Sun exposure behavior, seasonal vitamin D deficiency and relationship to bone health in adolescents. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 101(8), 3105-3113. DOI: 10.1210/jc.2016-1559. Publication link: 7b9c1b1a-3dfa-4d6a-8bd6-3544da03a040
  • Murray, A., Moore, T. L., Wragg, E., Ennis, H., Vail, A., Dinsdale, G., ... Herrick, A. L. (2016). Pilot study assessing pathophysiology and healing of digital ulcers in patients with systemic sclerosis using laser Doppler imaging and thermography. Arthritis Care & Research, 34 Suppl 100(5), 100-105. . Publication link: 09809778-45c3-4a1c-8467-e71c2a20ab90 | PubMed:27749241
  • Kishore, A., Vail, A., Vray, B. D., Chamorro, A., Di Napoli, M., Kalra, L., ... Smith, C. (2016). Clinical risk scores for predicting stroke-associated pneumonia: A systematic review: A systematic review. European Stroke Journal, 1(2), 76-84. DOI: 10.1177/2396987316651759. Publication link: 0ce163cc-8cdd-4d8c-9d2e-848107c7f51e
  • Vasant, D., Michou, E., O'Leary, N., Vail, A., Mistry, S., & Hamdy, S. (2016). Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation in Dysphagia Poststroke: A Prospective, Randomized Single-Blinded Interventional Study. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. DOI: 10.1177/1545968316639129 . Publication link: 2eb9ee43-03df-470d-8c8f-4902b135a7d6
  • Smith, C. J., Horne, M., McCracken, G., Young, D., Clements, I., Hulme, S., ... Tyrrell, P. (2016). Development and feasibility testing of an oral hygiene intervention for stroke unit care. Gerodontology. DOI: 10.1111/ger.12232. Publication link: b03e830e-f688-4205-b442-86c76243c398 | PubMed:27198495
  • Galea, J., Ogungbenro, K., Hulme, S., Patel, H., Scarth, S., Hoadley, M., ... Tyrrell, P. (2016). Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist reduces inflammation following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: results of the SCIL-SAH study. Journal of Neurosurgery. . Publication link: c7b4ad6b-5c47-406c-a19d-b5945c108fd2


  • Gould, M., Farrar, M. D., Kift, R., Berry, J. L., Mughal, M. Z., Bundy, C., ... Rhodes, L. E. (2015). Sunlight exposure and photoprotection behaviour of white Caucasian adolescents in the UK. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 29(4), 732-737. DOI: 10.1111/jdv.12669. Publication link: bd3be936-ad5c-407e-adb3-831d6ef05a5d | PubMed:25185510
  • Kishore, A., Vail, A., Chamorro, A., Garau, J., Hopkins, S., Di Napoli, M., ... Smith, C. J. (2015). How Is Pneumonia Diagnosed in Clinical Stroke Research? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Stroke, 46(5), 1202-1209. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.007843. Publication link: e4eff614-319e-4ef2-a89e-dab51febd131
  • Akobeng, A. K., O’Leary, N., Vail, A., Brown, N., Widiatmoko, D., Fagbemi, A., & Thomas, A. G. (2015). Telephone consultation as a substitute for routine out-patient face-to-face consultation for children with inflammatory bowel disease: randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation. EBioMedicine, 2, 1251-1256. DOI: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2015.08.011. Publication link: c867dd46-edc0-4b3b-b840-05fb1439a95f
  • Smith, C. J., Kishore, A. K., Vail, A., Chamorro, A., Garau, J., Hopkins, S. J., ... Meisel, A. (2015). Diagnosis of Stroke-Associated Pneumonia - Recommendations From the Pneumonia in Stroke Consensus Group. Stroke, 46, 2335-2340. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.009617. Publication link: c6c71ae7-78fd-484f-a0df-d92475a85e6b
  • Horne, M., Thomas, N., Vail, A., Selles, R., McCabe, C., & Tyson, S. (2015). Staff's views of delivering patient-led therapy during in-patient stroke rehabilitation: a focus group study with lessons for trial fidelity. Trials, 16. DOI: 10.1186/s13063-015-0646-9. Publication link: f6c1c3a9-3c71-4d06-956f-725a019fdb23
  • Horne, M., Thomas, N., Mccabe, C., Selles, R., Vail, A., Tyrrell, P., ... Rehabilitation, . U. (2015). No title. Disability and Rehabilitation, 37(25), 2344-2349. DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2015.1024341. Publication link: f8d2fc86-bcde-4972-83b6-86809c20cee3
  • Horne, M., Thomas, N., McCabe, C., Selles, R., Vail, A., Tyrrell, P., & Tyson, S. (2015). Patient-directed therapy during in-patient stroke rehabilitation: stroke survivors' views of feasibility and acceptability. Disability and Rehabilitation, 37(25), 2344-2349. DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2015.1024341. Publication link: f92df11e-2717-4611-9c5f-45b1edb3175e
  • Wallingford, S. C., Russell, S. A., Vail, A., Proby, C. M., Lear, J. T., & Green, A. C. (2015). Actinic keratosis, actinic field change and associations with squamous cell carcinoma in renal transplant recipients in Manchester, UK. Acta Dermato-Venereologica, 95, 830-834. DOI: 10.2340/00015555-2098. Publication link: 461aae52-6f6e-4f68-8dcd-7a95bb09a14a
  • Khan, A., Dulhanty, L., Vail, A., Tyrrell, P., Galea, J., & Patel, H. (2015). Impact of specialist neurovascular care in subarachnoid haemorrhage. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, 133, 55-60. DOI: doi:10.1016/j.clineuro.2015.03.006. Publication link: 3df27120-b46e-459d-a25b-12525e905c14
  • Farrar, M. D., Webb, A., Kift, R., Berry, J., Vail, A., & Rhodes, L. (2015). Impact of skin pigmentation on rate of rise of serum 25OHD following simulated sunlight exposures to habitually exposed skin sites. In Oral presentation.. Publication link: 0eec8e51-62f9-4929-b997-c0148f507dca
  • Parry-Jones, A., Mould, A., Vail, A., Hanley, D., Wang, X., Sato, S., & Anderson, C. S. (2015). Edema extension distance: an outcome measure for phase II clinical trials targeting edema after intracerebral haemorrhage. Stroke, 46, e137-e140. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.008818. Publication link: 5d06a31a-eb60-46b6-90d2-568e3544c103 | PubMed:25944323
  • Tyson, S. F., Thomas, N., Vail, A., & Tyrrell, P. (2015). Recruiting to in-patient based rehabilitation trials: lessons learnt from a randomised controlled trial of patient-led therapy during stroke rehabilitation. Trials, 16(75), 75. [75]. DOI: 10.1186/s13063-015-0588-2. Publication link: 5673e834-19b8-4f0e-aa44-2df3c50aa9b2
  • Tyson, S., Wilkinson, J., Thomas, N., Selles, R., McCabe, C., Tyrrell, P., & Vail, A. (2015). Phase II Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Trial of Patient-Led Therapies (Mirror Therapy and Lower-Limb Exercises) During Inpatient Stroke Rehabilitation. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 29(9), 818-826. DOI: 10.1177/1545968314565513. Publication link: 76af80d4-a9ab-47c4-9e77-bbb4981646f7
  • Patchick, E., Horne, M., Woodward-Nutt, K., Vail, A., & Bowen, A. (2015). Development of a patient-centred, patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for post-stroke cognitive rehabilitation: qualitative interviews with stroke survivors to inform design and content.Health Expectations, 18(6), 3213-3224. DOI: 10.1111/hex.12311. Publication link: 8a4f7952-b897-4881-bbf4-673bdc7337fb


  • Hurford, R., Rezvani, S., Kreimei, M., Herbert, A., Vail, A., Parry-Jones, A. R., ... Smith, C. J. (2014). Incidence, predictors and clinical characteristics of orolingual angio-oedema complicating thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator for ischaemic stroke. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1136/jnnp-2014-308097. Publication link: 6c30e940-2521-4486-a986-4003c1b6d4a8 | PubMed:25016564
  • Galea, J. P., Tyrrell, P. J., Patel, H. P., Vail, A., King, A. T., & Hopkins, S. J. (2014). Pitfalls in microdialysis methodology: An in vitro analysis of temperature, pressure and catheter use. Physiological Measurement, 35(3), N21-N28. DOI: 10.1088/0967-3334/35/3/N21. Publication link: 6416c070-7422-4bc2-b3cf-f569e6a12088
  • Wig, S., Wilkinson, J., Moore, T., Manning, J., Chevance, A., Vail, A., & Herrick, A. (2014). A longitudinal study of ankle brachial pressure indices in a cohort of patients with systemic sclerosis.Rheumatology (Print), 53(11), 2009-2013. DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/keu227. Publication link: 7ebaef47-4990-4fd4-8824-a8d2334df277 | PubMed:24907152
  • Skae, M., Avatapalle, H. B., Ehtisham, S., Cosgrove, K. E., Dunne, M. J., Clayton, P. E., ... Patel, L. (2014). Reduced glycaemic variability in diazoxide-responsive children with congenital hyperinsulinism using supplemental omega-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids; a pilot trial with MaxEPA. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 5, [Article 31]. DOI: 10.3389/fendo.2014.00031. Publication link: 9564b692-eb63-43b0-9f3b-b8cae1e61b74 | PubMed:24659984
  • Armstrong, S., Vail, A., Mastenbroek, S., Jordan, V., & Farquhar, C. (2014). Time-lapse in the IVF-lab: how should we assess potential benefit?Human Reproduction. DOI: 10.1093/humrep/deu250. Publication link: 401baa1f-bc6f-42fd-93ef-001674708039
  • Stephens, R. J., Langley, R. E., Mulvenna, P., Nankivell, M., Vail, A., & Parmar, M. K. B. (2014). Interim results in clinical trials: Do we need to keep all interim randomised clinical trial results confidential?Lung Cancer, 85(2), 116-118. DOI: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2014.05.012. Publication link: 0065e8ca-b8cd-40fd-948e-7f4b72f3e780
  • Singh, N., Hopkins, S. J., Hulme, S., Galea, J. P., Hoadley, M., Vail, A., ... Tyrrell, P. J. (2014). The effect of intravenous interleukin-1 receptor antagonist on inflammatory mediators in cerebrospinal fluid after subarachnoid haemorrhage: a phase II randomised controlled trial. Journal of Neuroinflammation, 11(1), 2-8. [1]. DOI: 10.1186/1742-2094-11-1. Publication link: 1d127985-1566-4509-8a2e-aed8de48d009 | PubMed:24383930
  • Kishore, A., Vail, A., Majid, A., Dawson, J., Lees, K. R., Tyrrell, P. J., & Smith, C. J. (2014). Detection of atrial fibrillation after ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Stroke, 45(2), 520-526. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.003433, 10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.003433. Publication link: c7f1cbd0-dd0a-45a2-a0eb-201d06383af2
  • Rhodes, L. E., Webb, A. R., Berry, J. L., Felton, S., Marjanovic, E., Wilkinson, J. D., ... Kift, R. (2014). Sunlight exposure behaviour and vitamin D status in photosensitive patients: longitudinal comparative study with healthy individuals at U.K. latitude.British Journal of Dermatology, 171(6), 1478-1486. DOI: 10.1111/bjd.13325. Publication link: d86f16f2-7de8-4a88-ad6b-8196a5403367 | PubMed:25110159
  • Evans, J. A., Bailey, M., Vail, A., Tyrrell, P. J., Parry-Jones, A. R., & Patel, H. C. (2014). A simple tool to identify elderly patients with a surgically important acute subdural haematoma. Injury. DOI: 10.1016/j.injury.2014.07.009. Publication link: f80c279b-3462-46ba-9833-9974e116016c | PubMed:25109659


  • Kendall, D., Vail, A., Amin, R., Barrett, T., Dimitri, P., Ivison, F., ... Hall, C. (2013). Metformin in obese children and adolescents: The MOCA trial. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 98(1), 322-329. DOI: 10.1210/jc.2012-2710. Publication link: e2ccd453-b063-46da-ae58-51cd6a4887d3 | PubMed:23175691
  • Kift, R., Berry, J. L., Vail, A., Durkin, M. T., Rhodes, L. E., & Webb, A. R. (2013). Lifestyle factors including less cutaneous sun exposure contribute to starkly lower vitamin D levels in U.K. South Asians compared with the white population. British Journal of Dermatology, 169(6), 1272-1278. DOI: 10.1111/bjd.12518. Publication link: e53696a6-e80b-4c8c-a824-a100cea7d8c7 | PubMed:23855783
  • Farquhar, C., Moore, V., Bhattacharya, S., Blake, D., Vail, A., Thomas, J., ... Marjoribanks, J. (2013). Twenty years of Cochrane reviews in menstrual disorders and subfertility. Human Reproduction, 28(11), 2883-2892. DOI: 10.1093/humrep/det334. Publication link: e4532a5b-0734-46b2-8e8c-0c7fd5d1a47a
  • Abid, K., Vail, A., Patel, H. C., King, A. T., Tyrrell, P., & Parry-Jones, A. (2013). Which factors influence decisions to transfer and treat acute intracerebral haemorrhage patients and which are associated with prognosis? A retrospective cohort study.B M J Open, [3:e003684]. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003684.. Publication link: c961eb29-b4c7-4450-8429-2e42e2dce8c8
  • Ennis, H., Moore, T., Murray, A., Vail, A., & Herrick, A. (2013). Further confirmation that digital ulcers are associated with the severity of abnormality on nailfold capillaroscopy in patients with systemic sclerosis. Rheumatology (Print). DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/ket386.. Publication link: b8aa0fcf-e0f5-4e6f-8c2f-faf7a0169029
  • Parry-Jones, A. R., Abid, K. A., Di Napoli, M., Smith, C. J., Vail, A., Patel, H. C., ... Tyrrell, P. (2013). Accuracy and clinical usefulness of intracerebral hemorrhage grading scores: A direct comparison in a UK population. Stroke, 44(7), 1840-1845. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.001009. Publication link: 07a7c198-79f0-4b89-826d-53b6c103647f | PubMed:23686981
  • Ennis, H., Vail, A., Wragg, E., Taylor, A., Moore, T., Murray, A., ... Herrick, A. L. (2013). A prospective study of systemic sclerosis-related digital ulcers: Prevalence, location, and functional impact. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology, 42(6), 483-486. DOI: 10.3109/03009742.2013.780095. Publication link: 44dbba71-68c9-4c3d-87ad-13f50a51b4c2 | PubMed:23826651
  • Childs, C., Liu, K., Vail, A., & Pan, J. (2013). Time-dependent relationships between human brain and body temperature after severe traumatic brain injury. International Journal of Statistics in Medical Research, 2(1), 14-22. DOI: 10.6000/1929-6029.2013.02.01.02. Publication link: 69f5f528-8673-44f0-bb4b-f0ffb1e30004


  • Bowen, A., Hesketh, A., Patchick, E., Young, A., Davies, L., Vail, A., ... Tyrrell, P. (2012). Effectiveness of enhanced communication therapy in the first four months after stroke for aphasia and dysarthria: A randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 345(7868), [e4407]. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.e4407. Publication link: 8d0949be-89a9-4f0d-850c-7caf66e28f19
  • Johnstone, E. M., Hutchinson, C. E., Vail, A., Chevance, A., & Herrick, A. L. (2012). Acro-osteolysis in systemic sclerosis is associated with digital ischaemia and severe calcinosis. Rheumatology, 51(12), 2234-2238. [kes214]. DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/kes214. Publication link: 784b201c-4c16-4720-9bcc-83ab3e144c77 | PubMed:22923763
  • Farrar, M. D., Felton, S. J., Rhodes, L., Kift, R., Webb, A. R., Berry, J. L., ... Vail, A. (2012). Reply to EA Langan. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 95(6), 1504-1505. DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.112.037689. Publication link: 63995879-5233-49b8-9bf6-e390c6760ea3
  • Van Wely, M., Kwan, I., Burt, A. L., Thomas, J., Vail, A., Van der Veen, F., & Al-Inany, H. G. (2012). Recombinant versus urinary gonadotrophin for ovarian stimulation in assisted reproductive technology cycles. A cochrane review. Human reproduction update, 18(2), 111. [dmr048]. DOI: 10.1093/humupd/dmr048. Publication link: 01fe240f-8320-4758-a378-e8a6be7a5358
  • Smith, C. J., Emsley, H. C., Udeh, C. T., Vail, A., Hoadley, M. E., Rothwell, N. J., ... Hopkins, S. J. (2012). Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist reverses stroke-associated peripheral immune suppression. Cytokine, 58(3), 384-389. DOI: 10.1016/j.cyto.2012.02.016. Publication link: 05b8908d-f97f-46b1-9b56-6e45877f0aa4 | PubMed:22445501
  • Adams, C., Lockton, E., Freed, J., Gaile, J., Earl, G., McBean, K., ... Law, J. (2012). The Social Communication Intervention Project: A randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of speech and language therapy for school-age children who have pragmatic and social communication problems with or without autism spectrum disorder. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 47(3), 233-244. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-6984.2011.00146.x. Publication link: 0da3a99d-37fd-44f4-9fe1-6c57f096613d
  • Hopkins, S. J., McMahon, C. J., Singh, N., Galea, J., Hoadley, M., Scarth, S., ... Tyrrell, P. J. (2012). Cerebrospinal fluid and plasma cytokines after subarachnoid haemorrhage: CSF interleukin-6 may be an early marker of infection. Journal of Neuroinflammation, 9, [255]. DOI: 10.1186/1742-2094-9-255. Publication link: 0969ac89-83b4-4d39-b417-39e797481d8c | PubMed:23176037
  • Bowen, A., Knapp, P., Gillespie, D., Nicolson, D., & Vail, A. (2012). A systematic review of nonpharmacological perceptual rehabilitation after stroke and other adult-acquired nonprogressive brain injury. Stroke, 43(1), e3. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.636308. Publication link: 46e3271f-471b-49dd-82bf-e54bab5b2856
  • Bowen, A., Hesketh, A., Patchick, E., Young, A., Davies, L., Vail, A., ... Tyrrell, P. (2012). Clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and service users' perceptions of early, well-resourced communication therapy following a stroke: A randomised controlled trial (the ACT noW study). Health Technology Assessment, 16(26), 1-159. DOI: 10.3310/hta16260. Publication link: ede91925-5ce6-4fc6-a79a-8503c9a20964 | PubMed:22613690
  • Baryan, H. K., Allan, S. M., Vail, A., & Smith, C. J. (2012). Systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy of statins in experimental stroke. International Journal of Stroke, 7(2), 150-156. DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-4949.2011.00740.x. Publication link: e4bcd611-1946-4fdd-9c95-42f0ef05cf03 | PubMed:22264368
  • Murray, A. K., Vail, A., Moore, T. L., Manning, J. B., Taylor, C. J., & Herrick, A. L. (2012). The influence of measurement location on reliability of quantitative nailfold videocapillaroscopy in patients with SSc. Rheumatology, 51(7), 1323-1330. [kes007]. DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/kes007. Publication link: 9eb707ad-850c-4de2-bb44-37ef7478b12c | PubMed:22438458


  • Walker, D. M., Marlow, N., Upstone, L., Gross, H., Hornbuckle, J., Vail, A., ... Thornton, J. G. (2011). The growth restriction intervention trial: Long-term outcomes in a randomized trial of timing of delivery in fetal growth restriction. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 204(1), 34-e9. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2010.09.019. Publication link: dca7375c-3434-4e01-9d43-5ba0f3ed6b5c
  • Drake, C., Boutin, H., Jones, M. S., Denes, A., McColl, B. W., Selvarajah, J. R., ... Allan, S. M. (2011). Brain inflammation is induced by co-morbidities and risk factors for stroke. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 25(6), 1113-1122. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2011.02.008. Publication link: f0dcffc5-d229-413f-9543-00048acccd6b | PubMed:21356305
  • Roberts, S. A., McGowan, L., Vail, A., & Brison, D. R. (2011). The use of single embryo transfer to reduce the incidence of twins: Implications and questions for practice from the 'towardSET?' project. Human Fertility, 14(2), 89-96. DOI: 10.3109/14647273.2011.568037. Publication link: 4ae65fb3-d03a-4c2d-9d59-d84270ecd0fa
  • Vail, A., Poppert, H., & Bowen, A. (2011). Lohnt sich eine spezifische Rehabilitation bei Wahrnehmungsstörungen?Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 136(34-35), 1710. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007039.pub2. Publication link: 30e63528-0bb4-4515-8025-a5987343ade4
  • Roberts, S. A., McGowan, L., Mark Hirst, W., Vail, A., Rutherford, A., Lieberman, B. A., & Brison, D. R. (2011). Reducing the incidence of twins from IVF treatments: Predictive modelling from a retrospective cohort. Human Reproduction, 26(3), 569-575. DOI: 10.1093/humrep/deq352. Publication link: 03e2fa8e-cece-4039-a90b-3523269497fe
  • Hirst, W. M., Vail, A., Brison, D. R., & Roberts, S. A. (2011). Prognostic factors influencing fresh and frozen IVF outcomes: An analysis of the UK national database. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 22(5), 437-448. DOI: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2010.12.008. Publication link: 586a1496-3786-4009-ab20-67f0449097d9
  • Farrar, M. D., Kift, R., Felton, S. J., Berry, J. L., Durkin, M., Allan, D., ... Rhodes, L. E. (2011). Recommended summer sunlight exposure amounts fail to produce sufficient vitamin D status in UK adults of South Asian origin. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 94(5), 1219-1224. DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.111.019976. Publication link: 85523944-1703-41d0-9887-3151c0e05af4 | PubMed:21918215
  • van Wely, M., Kwan, I., Burt, A. L., Thomas, J., Vail, A., Van der Veen, F., & Al-Inany, H. G. (2011). Recombinant versus urinary gonadotrophin for ovarian stimulation in assisted reproductive technology cycles.Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), 2, CD005354. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005354.pub2. Publication link: 8860860a-1b9a-46ec-bb8e-052b81ea48ba


  • Rhodes, L. E., Webb, A. R., Fraser, H. I., Kift, R., Durkin, M. T., Allan, D., ... Berry, J. L. (2010). Recommended summer sunlight exposure levels can produce sufficient (≥20 ng ml-1) but Not the Proposed Optimal (≥32 ng ml-1) 25(OH)D levels at UK latitudes. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 130(5), 1411-1418. DOI: 10.1038/jid.2009.417. Publication link: 617d1a15-cdbf-4573-aa24-a269e415b0ac | PubMed:20072137
  • Sacho, R. H., Vail, A., Rainey, T., King, A. T., & Childs, C. (2010). The effect of spontaneous alterations in brain temperature on outcome: A prospective observational cohort study in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurotrauma, 27(12), 2157-2164. DOI: 10.1089/neu.2010.1384. Publication link: 68ff05cd-1f3b-494a-8aa0-838a79046f84
  • Chikura, B., Moore, T., Manning, J., Vail, A., & Herrick, A. L. (2010). Thumb involvement in Raynaud's phenomenon as an indicator of underlying connective tissue disease. Journal of Rheumatology, 37(4), 783-786. DOI: 10.3899/jrheum.091117. Publication link: 66c980ff-a5f6-489a-aac6-c002723725bd | PubMed:20194444
  • Mercer, L. K., Moore, T. L., Chinoy, H., Murray, A. K., Vail, A., Cooper, R. G., & Herrick, A. L. (2010). Quantitative nailfold video capillaroscopy in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. Rheumatology, 49(9), 1699-1705. [keq051]. DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/keq051. Publication link: 80ec6cac-6ebe-4e96-92c4-f7870f9ee344 | PubMed:20483911
  • Webb, A. R., Kift, R., Durkin, M. T., OBrien, S. J., Vail, A., Berry, J. L., ... O'Brien, S. (2010). The role of sunlight exposure in determining the vitamin D status of the U.K. white adult population. British Journal of Dermatology, 163(5), 1050-1055. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2010.09975.x. Publication link: 8c4e6231-9dba-4166-aa7a-f93c5aae3ccd | PubMed:20716215
  • Roberts, S. A., McGowan, L., Hirst, W. M., Brison, D. R., Vail, A., & Lieberman, B. A. (2010). Towards single embryo transfer? modelling clinical outcomes of potential treatment choices using multiple data sources: Predictive models and patient perspectives. Health Technology Assessment, 14(38), 1-237. DOI: 10.3310/hta14380. Publication link: 167208b9-7f26-4668-9500-544a32ca3ede | PubMed:20684810
  • Sadik, H. Y., Moore, T. L., Vail, A., Murray, A., Anderson, M., Blann, A., & Herrick, A. L. (2010). Lack of effect of 8 weeks atorvastatin on microvascular endothelial function in patients with systemic sclerosis.Rheumatology, 49(5), 990-996. DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/keq003. Publication link: 30ede75b-8a3d-485b-ba9d-0b3e435d376a | PubMed:20159906
  • Mcgowan, L., Roberts, S. A., McGowan, L., Hirst, W. M., Brison, D. R., Vail, A., & Lieberman, B. A. (2010). Towards single embryo transfer? modelling clinical outcomes of potential treatment choices using multiple data sources: Predictive models and patient perspectives. (Health Technology Assessment Programme). National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). DOI: 10.3310/hta14380. Publication link: 40524d3c-f442-460f-b020-d7d7ef971952
  • Herrick, A. L., Moore, T. L., Murray, A. K., Whidby, N., Manning, J. B., Bhushan, M., & Vail, A. (2010). Nail-fold capillary abnormalities are associated with anti-centromere antibody and severity of digital ischaemia. Rheumatology, 49(9), 1776-1782. [keq139]. DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/keq139. Publication link: e68e709d-cb71-495f-a8b1-5b1c23b5b710 | PubMed:20538680
  • Brison, D., Roberts, S. A., Hirst, W. M., Brison, D. R., & Vail, A. (2010). Embryo and uterine influences on IVF outcomes: An analysis of a UK multi-centre cohort. Human Reproduction, 25(11), 2792-2802. DOI: 10.1093/humrep/deq213. Publication link: fb00ce4d-ad27-4553-9db5-5724cd47df60 | PubMed:20813807



  • Ahmad, G., Duffy, J. M. N., Farquhar, C., Vail, A., Vandekerckhove, P., Watson, A., & Wiseman, D. (2008). Barrier agents for adhesion prevention after gynaecological surgery. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), (2), [CD000475]. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000475.pub2. Publication link: 406a94d7-06f7-4387-b3fc-090a3288c5ea
  • Selvarajah, J. R., Smith, C. J., Hulme, S., Georgiou, R. F., Vail, A., & Tyrrell, P. J. (2008). Prognosis in patients with transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and minor stroke attending TIA services in the North West of England: The NORTHSTAR Study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 79(1), 38-43. DOI: 10.1136/jnnp.2007.129163. Publication link: 09512412-df3f-44e0-bb0e-b9cf2a385ae4
  • Bowen, A., Knapp, P., Gillespie, D., & Vail, A. (2008). Non-pharmacological interventions for perceptual disorders following stroke and other adult, acquired, non-progressive brain injury. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), (2), [CD007039]. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007039. Publication link: 719ca7e2-f8b3-4d9f-8657-d63d2b7146c2
  • Vail, A., Chikura, B., Moore, T., Manning, J., & Herrick, A. L. (2008). Sparing of the thumb in Raynaud's phenomenon.Rheumatology (Oxford), 47 (2). . Publication link: 72caab0c-72ed-4f27-966e-ed0fa48793e9
  • West, C., Bowen, A., Hesketh, A., & Vail, A. (2008). Interventions for motor apraxia following stroke. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), (1), [CD004132]. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004132.pub2. Publication link: 74d43412-846a-43c7-ac3c-10251780e403
  • Dias, S., McNamee, R., & Vail, A. (2008). Bias in frequently reported analyses of subfertility trials. Statistics in Medicine, 27(27), 5605-5619. DOI: 10.1002/sim.3389. Publication link: 500af1ad-a2c4-473a-b46f-273178e9d504




  • Kwan, I., Al-Inany, H., Burt, A. L., Thomas, J., & Vail, A. (2005). Recombinant versus urinary-derived gonadotrophins for ovarian stimulation in in vitro fertilisation and intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection cycles.Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2005(3). . Publication link: a834a02a-3ccb-46d5-9e64-e41cd4d68fb2
  • Vail, A. (2005). Encyclopaedic companion to Medical Statistics. eds. Everitt Palmer Hodder Arnold, London: Ethical Review Committees. No publisher name.. Publication link: c7e37a96-f07f-46f1-ad3e-3f0822f0ed1f
  • Emsley, H. C. A., Smith, C. J., Georgiou, R. F., Vail, A., Barberan, E. M., Rothwell, N. J., ... Vedeler, C. A. (2005). Interleukin-6 and acute ischaemic stroke (multiple letters). Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 112(4), 273-275. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2005.00479.x. Publication link: c6f8459c-8363-44ba-a069-a08b73c99b9f
  • Emsley, H. C. A., Smith, C. J., Georgiou, R. F., Vail, A., Hopkins, S. J., Rothwell, N. J., & Tyrrell, P. J. (2005). A randomised phase II study of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist in acute stroke patients. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 76(10), 1366-1372. DOI: 10.1136/jnnp.2004.054882. Publication link: e1e22663-9424-440a-b807-b0baf7c9c319 | PubMed:16170078
  • Childs, C., Vail, A., Protheroe, R., King, A. T., & Dark, P. M. (2005). Differences between brain and rectal temperatures during routine critical care of patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Anaesthesia, 60(8), 759-765. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2044.2005.04193.x. Publication link: 3995b0b2-ec23-4e59-939e-a8238968d65b
  • West, C., Bowen, A., Hesketh, A., & Vail, A. (2005). Interventions for apraxia of speech following stroke.Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), Issue 2(4), CD004298. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004132, 10.1002/14651858.CD004298.pub2. Publication link: 0eb1e0c4-32ba-483d-a4a3-6e937a93602f
  • Emsley, H. C. A., Smith, C. J., Georgiou, R. F., Vail, A., Tyrrell, P. J., Barberan, E. M., ... Haberl, R. L. (2005). Correlation of systemic inflammatory response with infarct volume in acute ischemic stroke patients [2] (multiple letters). Stroke, 36(2), 228-229. . Publication link: 53427ade-3b42-4836-ae1e-5f384c1ea41b


  • Lumb, A. B., & Vail, A. (2004). Comparison of academic, application form and social factors in predicting early performance on the medical course. Medical Education, 38(9), 1002-1005. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2929.2004.01912.x. Publication link: 84f5e3e5-f16b-4127-8e15-c0855a0c75e3
  • Vail, A. (2004). Infant wellbeing at 2 years of age in the Growth Restriction Intervention Trial (GRIT): Multicentred randomised controlled trial. The Lancet, 364(9433), 513-520. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(04)16809-8. Publication link: 54fc2892-0f24-4b52-83f0-4c461ecce924
  • Smith, C., Emsley, H., Gavin, C., Georgiou, R., Vail, A., Barberan, E., ... Tyrrell, P. (2004). Correction: Peak plasma interleukin-6 and other peripheral markers of inflammation in the first week of ischaemic stroke correlate with brain infarct volume, stroke severity and long-term outcome.BMC Neurol, 4( 1). . Publication link: 37504c08-0b33-4833-a885-4d09af748e8d
  • Smith, C. J., Emsley, H. C. A., Gavin, C. M., Georgiou, R. F., Vail, A., Barberan, E. M., ... Tyrrell, P. (2004). Peak plasma interleukin-6 and other peripheral markers of inflammation in the first week of ischaemic stroke correlate with brain infarct volume, stroke severity and long-term outcome. BMC Neurology, 4, [2]. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2377-4-2. Publication link: a58545c4-d19c-49cc-a34b-a0f6584c854c | PubMed:14725719
  • Gavin, C. M., Smith, C. J., Emsley, H. C. A., Hughes, D. G., Turnbull, I. W., Vail, A., & Tyrrell, P. J. (2004). Reliability of a semi-automated technique of cerebral infarct volume measurement with CT. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 18(3), 220-226. DOI: 10.1159/000079957. Publication link: b6a322ae-484c-4bab-814c-19c7416c2161 | PubMed:15273438


  • Lim, C. H., Dixon, M. F., Vail, A., Forman, D., Lynch, D. A. F., & Axon, A. T. R. (2003). Ten year follow up of ulcerative colitis patients with and without low grade dysplasia. Gut, 52(8), 1127-1132. DOI: 10.1136/gut.52.8.1127. Publication link: fe0d0e72-b643-4797-9bf8-495206b32c3f
  • Emsley, H. C. A., Smith, C. J., Gavin, C. M., Georgiou, R. F., Vail, A., Barberan, E. M., ... Tyrrell, P. (2003). An early and sustained peripheral inflammatory response in acute ischaemic stroke: Relationships with infection and atherosclerosis. Journal of Neuroimmunology, 139(1-2), 93-101. DOI: 10.1016/S0165-5728(03)00134-6. Publication link: 68b2a819-1574-43f8-9f6c-2339bfa17953 | PubMed:12799026
  • Hornbuckle, J., Vail, A., Spiegelhalter, D., Levene, M. I., & Thornton, J. G. (2003). A randomised trial of timed delivery for the compromised pre-term fetus: short-term outcomes and Bayesian interpretation.BJOG, 110. . Publication link: 6be6cfbb-aab2-4b1e-8502-91a5581ef030
  • Vail, A., & Gardener, E. (2003). Common statistical errors in the design and analysis of subfertility trials.Hum Reprod, 18( 5). . Publication link: 849bcd97-32c2-404d-b2e6-a60a7fee608e


  • Dark, P., Woodford, M., Vail, A., Mackway-Jones, K., Yates, D., & Lecky, F. (2002). Systolic hypertension and the response to blunt trauma in infants and children. Resuscitation, 54(3), 245-253. DOI: 10.1016/S0300-9572(02)00154-5. Publication link: a3c3f104-b0e6-4817-986e-baa082159a07
  • Jones, A. M., Munavvar, M., Vail, A., Aldridge, R. E., Hopkinson, L., Rayner, C., & O'driscoll, B. R. (2002). Prospective, placebo-controlled trial of 5 vs 10 days of oral prednisolone in acute adult asthma. Respiratory Medicine, 96(11), 950-954. DOI: 10.1053/rmed.2002.1369. Publication link: a130b80b-2d86-415d-ab4b-e01d9d9f58a9
  • Zermansky, A. G., Petty, D. R., Raynor, D. K., Lowe, C. J., Freemantle, N., & Vail, A. (2002). Clinical medication review by a pharmacist of patients on repeat prescriptions in general practice: a randomised controlled trial.Health Technology Assessment, 6(20). . Publication link: 1b50a969-0872-4292-ac69-83c4aaeff1e4
  • Walter, J. H., White, F. J., Hall, S. K., MacDonald, A., Rylance, G., Boneh, A., ... Vail, A. (2002). How practical are recommendations for dietary control in phenylketonuria?The Lancet, 360(9326), 55-57. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(02)09334-0. Publication link: 38c50c9b-3ad5-492f-adda-7c250d0f93ba
  • Elbourne, D. R., Altman, D. G., Higgins, J. P. T., Curtin, F., Worthington, H. V., & Vail, A. (2002). Meta-analyses involving cross-over trials: Methodological issues. International Journal of Epidemiology, 31(1), 140-149. DOI: 10.1093/ije/31.1.140. Publication link: 85460101-ea95-4ed1-b45b-3a351070b702


  • House, A., Knapp, P., Bamford, J., & Vail, A. (2001). Mortality at 12 and 24 months after stroke may be associated with depressive symptoms at 1 month. Stroke, 32(3), 696-701. . Publication link: 37f10b5c-e99f-42ce-ab0a-a8b1de70ad1a
  • Vail, A., Marinacci, C., Schifano, P., Borgia, P., & Perucci, C. A. (2001). Prospective application of Bayesian monitoring and analysis in an 'open' randomized clinical trial. Statistics in Medicine, 20(24), 3777-3787. DOI: 10.1002/sim.1171. Publication link: 4ac8118f-eb99-4c50-be07-459646b8be9e
  • Page, L., Beake, S., Vail, A., McCourt, C., & Hewison, J. (2001). Clinical outcomes of one-to-one midwifery practice. British Journal of Midwifery , 9. . Publication link: 0561b05c-bbce-416e-a630-f5a4e593535c
  • Petty, D. R., Zermansky, A. G., Raynor, D. K., Lowe, C. J., Buttress, A. D., Vail, A., & Freemantle, N. (2001). "No thank you": Why elderly patients declined to participate in a research study. Pharmacy World and Science, 23(1), 22-27. DOI: 10.1023/A:1011276924820. Publication link: d239bbd7-cf6a-437b-8b84-956aa196cc36
  • Moore, H., Summerbell, C. D., Vail, A., Greenwood, D. C., & Adamson, A. J. (2001). The design features and practicalities of conducting a pragmatic cluster randomized trial of obesity management in primary care. Statistics in Medicine, 20(3), 331-340. DOI: 10.1002/1097-0258(20010215)20:3<331::AID-SIM795>3.0.CO;2-K. Publication link: d5580b21-fb4b-4fb5-b408-b8de6970a36d
  • Zermansky, A. G., Petty, D. R., Raynor, D. K., Freemantle, N., Vail, A., & Lowe, C. J. (2001). Randomised controlled trial of clinical medication review by a pharmacist of elderly patients receiving repeat prescriptions in general practice. BMJ, 323(7325), 1340-1343. . Publication link: c25f79e5-4661-4e89-a9b1-e746dea7ff10
  • Smith, C. J., Emsley, H. C. A., Libetta, C. M., Hughes, D. G., Drennan, R. F., Vail, A., & Tyrrell, P. J. (2001). The Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project classification in the early hours of ischemic stroke and relation to infarct site and size on cranial computed tomography. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 10(5), 205-209. DOI: 10.1053/jscd.2001.29825. Publication link: aa9ef6b4-4fc1-43c0-a3d2-6177ff99ba0d | PubMed:17903825


  • Dark, P. M., Woodford, M., Vail, A., Mackway-Jones, K., & Yates, D. W. (2000). What is a normal blood pressure and pulse rate in an injured child?Journal of accident & emergency medicine, 17(6). . Publication link: 12585dcc-a1be-4209-ada8-8f5105a7e857
  • Lumb, A. B., & Vail, A. (2000). Difficulties with anonymous shortlisting of medical school applications and its effects on candidates with non-European names: Prospective cohort study. BMJ, 320(7227), 82-85. . Publication link: 806b23b7-8093-4d43-b06b-255a168bb87d
  • Hornbuckle, J., Vail, A., Abrams, K. R., & Thornton, J. G. (2000). Bayesian interpretation of trials: The example of intrapartum electronic fetal heart rate monitoring. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 107(1), 3-10. . Publication link: 7e9fc2f2-6c9a-4416-a978-0fe7a8e2685b
  • Raynor, D. K., Nicolson, M., Nunney, J., Petty, D., Vail, A., & Davies, L. (2000). The development and evaluation of an extended adherence support programme by community pharmacists for elderly patients at home. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 8(3), 157-164. . Publication link: 4f6df063-bf50-4040-ab55-65f1a71eeb5b