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Professor Chris Klingenberg (Lic Phil Nat, PhD) - publications

List of publications


  • Strelin M, Benitez-Vieyra S, Fornoni J, Klingenberg CP, Cocucci A. (2016). Exploring the ontogenetic scaling hypothesis during the diversification of pollination syndromes in Caiophora (Loasaceae, subfam. Loasoideae). Ann Bot, eScholarID:297654 | DOI:10.1093/aob/mcw035
  • Klingenberg CP. (2016). Size, shape and form: concepts of allometry in geometric morphometrics. Dev Genes Evol, eScholarID:297931 | DOI:10.1007/s00427-016-0539-2
  • Gómez JM, Torices R, Lorite J, Klingenberg CP, Perfectti F. (2016). The role of pollinators in the evolution of corolla shape variation, disparity and integration in a highly diversified plant family with a conserved floral bauplan. Ann Bot, eScholarID:297145 | DOI:10.1093/aob/mcv194


  • Klingenberg CP. (2015). Analyzing fluctuating asymmetry with geometric morphometrics: concepts, methods, and applications. Symmetry, 7(2), 843-934. eScholarID:266026 | DOI:10.3390/sym7020843
  • Leamy LJ, Klingenberg CP, Sherratt E, Wolf JB, Cheverud JM. (2015). The genetic architecture of fluctuating asymmetry of mandible size and shape in a population of mice: another look. Symmetry, 7, 146-163. eScholarID:259370 | DOI:10.3390/sym7010146


  • Sherratt E, Gower DJ, Klingenberg CP, Wilkinson M. (2014). Evolution of cranial shape in caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona). J E B, 41(4), 528-545. eScholarID:227445 | DOI:10.1007/s11692-014-9287-2
  • Klingenberg CP. (2014). Studying morphological integration and modularity at multiple levels: concepts and analysis. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 369, 20130249. eScholarID:225624 | DOI:10.1098/rstb.2013.0249
  • Pitchers WR, Klingenberg CP, Tregenza T, Hunt J, Dworkin I. (2014). The potential influence of morphology on the evolutionary divergence of an acoustic signal. J E B, 27, 2163-2176. eScholarID:233689 | DOI:10.1111/jeb.12471
  • Gómez JM, Perfectti F, Klingenberg CP. (2014). The role of pollinators in the evolution of corolla shape integration in a pollination-generalist plant clade. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 369, 20130257. eScholarID:225625 | DOI:10.1098/rstb.2013.0257


  • Klingenberg CP. (2013). Cranial integration and modularity: insights into evolution and development from morphometric data. Hystrix, 24(1), 43-58. eScholarID:187820 | DOI:10.4404/hystrix-24.1-6367
  • Klingenberg C P, Marugán-Lobón J. (2013). Evolutionary Covariation in Geometric Morphometric Data: Analyzing Integration, Modularity and Allometry in a Phylogenetic Context. Systematic Biology, 62(4), 591-610. eScholarID:192078 | DOI:10.1093/sysbio/syt025
  • Klingenberg CP. (2013). Visualizations in geometric morphometrics: how to read and how to make graphs showing shape changes. Hystrix, 24(1), 15-24. eScholarID:187821 | DOI:10.4404/hystrix-24.1-7691


  • Klingenberg CP, Navarro N. (2012). Development of the mouse mandible: a model system for complex morphological structures. In Macholán M, Baird SJE, Munclinger P, Piálek J (Ed.), Evolution of the House Mouse. (pp. 135-149). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. eScholarID:142775
  • Klingenberg CP, Duttke S, Whelan S, Kim M. (2012). Developmental plasticity, morphological variation and evolvability: a multilevel analysis of morphometric integration in the shape of compound leaves. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25(1), 115-129. eScholarID:136219 | DOI:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2011.02410.x
  • Savriama Y, Gómez JM, Perfectti F, Klingenberg CP. (2012). Geometric morphometrics of corolla shape: dissecting components of symmetric and asymmetric variation in Erysimum mediohispanicum (Brassicaceae). New Phytologist, eScholarID:167396 | DOI:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04312.x
  • Singh N, Harvati K, Hublin JJ, Klingenberg CP. (2012). Morphological evolution through integration: a quantitative study of cranial integration in Homo, Pan, Gorilla and Pongo. Journal of Human Evolution, 62(1), 155-164. eScholarID:142757 | DOI:10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.11.006
  • Neus Martínez-Abadías, Mireia Esparza, Torstein Sjøvold, Rolando González-José, Mauro Santos, Miquel Hernández, Christian Peter Klingenberg. (2012). Pervasive genetic integration directs the evolution of human skull shape. Evolution, 66(4), 1010-1023. eScholarID:134897 | DOI:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2011.01496.x


  • Savriama Y, Klingenberg CP. (2011). Beyond bilateral symmetry: geometric morphometric methods for any type of symmetry. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 11, 280. eScholarID:132134 | DOI:10.1186/1471-2148-11-280
  • Klingenberg CP. (2011). MorphoJ: an integrated software package for geometric morphometrics. Molecular Ecology Resources, 11, 353-357. eScholarID:106809 | DOI:10.1111/j.1755-0998.2010.02924.x


  • Palaniswamy S, Thacker NA, Klingenberg CP. (2010). Automatic identification of landmarks in digital images. IET Computer Vision, 4, 247-260. eScholarID:83531 | DOI:10.1049/iet-cvi.2009.0014
  • Klingenberg CP. (2010). Evo-devo on the piazza. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 25(2), 67-67. eScholarID:75879 | DOI:10.1016/j.tree.2009.09.001
  • Klingenberg CP. (2010). Evolution and development of shape: integrating quantitative approaches. Nature Reviews Genetics, 11, 623-635. eScholarID:87729 | DOI:10.1038/nrg2829
  • Savriama Y, Neustupa J, Klingenberg CP. (2010). Geometric morphometrics of symmetry and allometry in Micrasterias rotata (Zygnemophyceae, Viridiplantae). Nova Hedwigia Beiheft, 136, 43-54. eScholarID:83532 | DOI:10.1127/1438-9134/2010/0136-0043
  • Drake AG, Klingenberg CP. (2010). Large‐Scale Diversification of Skull Shape in Domestic Dogs: Disparity and Modularity. American Naturalist, 175(3), 289-301. eScholarID:76238 | DOI:10.1086/650372
  • Klingenberg CP, Wetherill L, Rogers J, Moore E, Ward R, Autti-Rämö I, Fagerlund A, Jacobson SW, Robinson LK, Hoyme HE, Mattson SN, Li TK, Riley EP, Foroud T; the CIFASD Consortium. (2010). Prenatal alcohol exposure alters the patterns of facial asymmetry. Alcohol, 44, 649-657. eScholarID:76237 | DOI:10.1016/j.alcohol.2009.10.016
  • Klingenberg CP, Debat V, Roff DA. (2010). Quantitative genetics of shape in cricket wings: developmental integration in a functional structure. Evolution, 64(10), 2935-2951. eScholarID:83530 | DOI:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.01030.x
  • Klingenberg CP, Gidaszewski NA. (2010). Testing and quantifying phylogenetic signals and homoplasy in morphometric data. Systematic Biology, 59(3), 245-261. eScholarID:76695 | DOI:10.1093/sysbio/syp106
  • Klingenberg CP. (2010). There's something afoot in the evolution of ontogenies. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 10, 221. eScholarID:86733 | DOI:10.1186/1471-2148-10-221


  • Gidaszewski NA, Baylac M, Klingenberg CP. (2009). Evolution of sexual dimorphism of wing shape in the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup. BMC Evolutionary Biolgy, 9, 110. eScholarID:1c8524 | DOI:10.1186/1471-2148-9-110
  • Klingenberg CP. (2009). Morphometric integration and modularity in configurations of landmarks: tools for evaluating a priori hypotheses. Evolution & Development, 11(4), 405–421. eScholarID:1c8567 | DOI:10.1111/j.1525-142X.2009.00347.x


  • Leamy LJ, Klingenberg CP, Sherratt E, Wolf JB, Cheverud JM. (2008). A search for quantitative trait loci exhibiting imprinting effects on mouse mandible size and shape. Heredity, 101, 518-526. eScholarID:1c7714 | DOI:10.1038/hdy.2008.79
  • Iaci R, Yin X, Sriram TN, Klingenberg CP. (2008). An informational measure of association and dimension reduction for multiple sets and groups with applications in morphometric analysis. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 103, 1166-1176. eScholarID:1c7715 | DOI:10.1198/016214508000000472
  • Klingenberg CP. (2008). Morphological integration and developmental modularity. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics, 39, 115–132. eScholarID:1c7713 | DOI:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.37.091305.110054
  • Klingenberg CP. (2008). Novelty and “Homology-free” Morphometrics: What’s in a Name? Evolutionary Biology, 35, 186-190. eScholarID:1c7712 | DOI:10.1007/s11692-008-9029-4
  • Drake AG, Klingenberg CP. (2008). The pace of morphological change: historical transformation of skull shape in St Bernard dogs. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences, 275(1), 71-76. eScholarID:1c6998 | DOI:10.1098/rspb.2007.1169


  • Patterson JS, Klingenberg CP. (2007). Developmental buffering: how many genes? Evolution & Development, 9(6), 525-526. eScholarID:1c7057 | DOI:10.1111/j.1525-142X.2007.00193.x
  • Breuker CJ, Gibbs M, Van Dyck H, Brakefield PM, Klingenberg CP, Van Dongen S. (2007). Integration of wings and their eyespots in the speckled wood butterfly Pararge aegeria. Journal of Experimental Zoology (Molecular and Developmental Evolution), 308B, 454–463. eScholarID:1c6993


  • Breuker CJ, Patterson JS, Klingenberg CP. (2006). A single basis for developmental buffering of Drosophila wing shape. PLoS ONE, 1(1), e7. eScholarID:1c6267 | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0000007
  • Breuker CJ, Debat V, Klingenberg CP. (2006). Functional evo-devo. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 21(9), 488-492. eScholarID:1c5258 | DOI:10.1016/j.tree.2006.06.003
  • Debat V, Milton CC, Rutherford S, Klingenberg CP, Hoffmann AA. (2006). Hsp90 and the quantitative variation of wing shape in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution, 60(12), 2529-2538. eScholarID:1c6293 | DOI:10.1111/j.0014-3820.2006.tb01887.x


  • Klingenberg CP. (2005). Developmental constraints, modules, and evolvability. eScholarID:3c78
  • Klingenberg CP, Monteiro LR. (2005). Distances and directions in multidmensional shape spaces: Implications for morphometric applications. Systematic biology, 54(4), 678-688. eScholarID:1c4071 | DOI:10.1080/10635150590947258
  • Leamy LJ, Klingenberg CP. (2005). The genetics and evolution of fluctuating asymmetry. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 36, 1-21. eScholarID:1c4396 | DOI:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102003.152640
  • Willmore KE, Klingenberg CP, Hallgrimsson B. (2005). The relationship between fluctuating asymmetry and environmental variation in rhesus macaque skulls. Evolution; international journal of organic evolution, 59(4), 898-909. eScholarID:1c3755
  • Kirkwood TB, Feder M, Finch CE, Franceschi C, Globerson A, Klingenberg CP, Lamarco K, Omholt S, Westendorp RG. (2005). What accounts for the wide variation in life span of genetically identical organisms reared in a constant environment? Mechanisms of ageing and development, 126, 439–443. eScholarID:1c3664


  • Klingenberg CP. (2004). Dominance, nonlinear developmental mapping, and developmental stability. In Veitia M (Ed.), eScholarID:3c32
  • Klingenberg CP, Leamy LJ, Cheverud JM. (2004). Integration and modularity of quantitative trait locus effects on geometric shape in the mouse mandible. Genetics, 166, 1909-1921. eScholarID:1c2608 | DOI:10.1534/genetics.166.4.1909
  • Klingenberg CP. (2004). Integration, modules, and development: molecules to morphology to evolution. In Pigliucci M, Preston K (Ed.), eScholarID:3c31


  • Klingenberg CP. (2003). A developmental perspective on developmental instability: theory, models and mechanisms. eScholarID:3c13
  • Klingenberg CP, Barluenga M, Meyer A. (2003). Body shape variation in cichlid fishes of the Amphilophus citrinellus species complex. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 80, 397-408. eScholarID:1c2297 | DOI:10.1046/j.1095-8312.2003.00246.x
  • Klingenberg CP. (2003). Developmental instability as a research tool: using patterns of fluctuating asymmetry to infer the developmental origins of morphological integration. In polak m (Ed.), eScholarID:3c15
  • Klingenberg CP, Mebus K, Auffray JC. (2003). Developmental integration in a complex morphological structure: how distinct are the modules in the mouse mandible? Evolution and development, 5(5), 522-31. eScholarID:1c2285 | PMID:12950630 | DOI:10.1046/j.1525-142X.2003.03057.x
  • Klingenberg CP. (2003). Quantitative genetics of geometric shape: heritability and the pitfalls of the univariate approach. Evolution; international journal of organic evolution, 57(1), 191-5. eScholarID:1c2286 | PMID:12643582


  • Klingenberg CP. (2002). Morphometrics and the role of the phenotype in studies of the evolution of developmental mechanisms. Gene, 287, 3–10. eScholarID:1c3504
  • Klingenberg CP, Barluenga M, Meyer A. (2002). Shape analysis of symmetric structures: quantifying variation among individuals and asymmetry. Evolution; international journal of organic evolution, 56, 1909–1920. eScholarID:1c3505


  • Klingenberg CP, Leamy LJ, Routman EJ, Cheverud JM. (2001). Genetic architecture of mandible shape in mice: effects of quantitative trait loci analyzed by geometric morphometrics. Genetics, 157, 785–802. eScholarID:1c3502
  • Klingenberg CP, Badyaev AV, Sowry SM, Beckwith NJ. (2001). Inferring developmental modularity from morphological integration: analysis of individual variation and asymmetry in bumblebee wings. American Naturalist, 157, 11–23. eScholarID:1c3501
  • Klingenberg CP, Leamy LJ. (2001). Quantitative genetics of geometric shape in the mouse mandible. Evolution; international journal of organic evolution, 55, 2342-2352. eScholarID:1c3503