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Dr Graham Smith - publications

List of publications

Authored book

  • Graham Smith, Harry Hagger Johnson, Chris Roberts. Disproportionality in Police Professional Standards. Greater Manchester Police, 2012. eScholarID:170650

Book contribution

  • Graham Smith. "The interface between human rights and police complaints in Europe." In Civilian Oversight of Police, ed. Tim Prenzler & Garth den Heyer, Boca Raton, Fl.: CRC Press, Taylor & Francies, 2015. eScholarID:241449
  • Graham Smith. "Shoot-To-Kill Counter-Suicide Terrorism." In Counter-Terrorism and State Political Violence, ed. Scott Poynting and Dave Whyte, London: Routledge, 2012. eScholarID:140584
  • Smith, G. "What's law got to do with it? some reflections on the police in light of developments in New York City." In Hard Cop/Soft Cop, ed. R Hopkins Burke, Cullompton, Devon: Willan, 2004. eScholarID:3b3281

Journal article

  • Graham Smith. "The tripartite police complaints system of Hong Kong." Asia - Pacific Journal on Human Rights and the Law 15, no. 1 & 2(2015) : 119-145. eScholarID:262658 | DOI:10.1163/15718158-15010206
  • Graham Smith, Harry Hagger Johnson, Chris Roberts. "Ethnic minority police officers and disproportionality in misconduct proceedings." Policing and Society(2014) . eScholarID:221515 | DOI:10.1080/10439463.2014.895349
  • Hagger Johnson, H., Smith, G. and Roberts, C. "Disproportionality in Internal Misconduct and Counter-Corruption Proceedings in Three English Police Services." Policing 7, no. 4(2013) : 359-369. eScholarID:213972
  • Graham Smith. "Smith, G. (2013). Oversight of the police and residual complaints dilemmas: independence, effectiveness and accountability deficits in the United Kingdom." Police Practice and Research 14, no. 2(2013) : 92-103. eScholarID:188184
  • Graham Smith. "Shoot to Kill: Police Accountability, Firearms and Fatal Force." British Journal of Criminology(2012) . eScholarID:153054 | DOI:10.1093/bjc/azs005
  • Graham Smith. "Every Complaint Matters: Human Rights Commissioner'™s Opinion concerning independent and effective determination of complaints against the police." International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice 38(2010) : 59-74. eScholarID:103443 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijlcj.2010.03.001
  • Graham Smith. "Citizen Oversight of Independent Police Services: Bifurcated Accountability, Regulation Creep and Lesson Learning." Regulation and Governance 3, no. 4(2009) : 422-442. eScholarID:103595 | DOI:10.1111/j.1748-5991.2009.01061.x
  • Smith, G. "Why Don't More People Complain Against the Police?" European Journal of Criminology 6:3(2009) . eScholarID:1b6903 | DOI:10.1177/1477370809102167
  • Smith, G. "The European Commissioner for Human Rights Police Complaints Initiative." Justice of the Peace 172:25(2008) : 399-400. eScholarID:1b6905
  • Smith, G. "Book review, 'The New World of Police Accountability'." Criminal Justice 6:1(2006) : 153-5. eScholarID:1b6890 | DOI:10.1177/146680250600600111
  • Smith, G. "Police complaints in the reform era." Criminal Justice Matters 63(2006) : 26-27. eScholarID:1b5892 | DOI:10.1080/09627250608553114
  • Smith, G. "A Most Enduring Problem: Police Complaints Reform in England and Wales." Journal of Social Policy 35(1)(2005) : 121-141. eScholarID:1b3433 | DOI:10.1017/S0047279405009323
  • Smith, G. "Police : Duty of care to victims and witnesses." Journal of Criminal Law 69 (4)(2005) . eScholarID:1b5893 | DOI:10.1350/jcla.2005.69.4.318
  • Smith, G. "Police governance: power of Home Secretary to require police authority to suspend Chief Constable." Journal of Criminal Law 68 (6)(2004) . eScholarID:1b5894
  • Smith, G. "Rethinking Police Complaints." British Journal of Criminology 44(1)(2004) : 15-33. eScholarID:1b3434 | DOI:10.1093/bjc/44.1.15
  • Smith, G. "Actions for Damages Against the Police and the Attitudes of Claimants." Policing and Society 13(4)(2003) : 413-422. eScholarID:1b3435 | DOI:10.1080/1043946032000104481
  • Smith, G. "'Police Wrongdoing' - Review Essay of four titles." Policing and Society 12:2(2002) : 163-172. eScholarID:1b6892
  • Smith, G. "'Policing, Ethics and Human Rights - Book Review'." Journal of Forensic Psychiatry 13:1(2002) : 193-197. eScholarID:1b6893
  • Smith, G. "Reasonable suspicion: time for a re-evaluation?" International Journal of the Sociology of Law 30 (1)(2002) : 1-16. eScholarID:1b5895 | DOI:10.1016/S0194-6595(02)00015-1
  • Smith, G. "Police Complaints and Criminal Prosecutions." Modern Law Review 64(3)(2001) : 372-392. eScholarID:1b3436 | DOI:10.1111/1468-2230.00326
  • Smith, G. "The police complaints process: a means for identifying rotten apples or satisfying grievances?" The Criminal Lawyer(2000) . eScholarID:1b5896
  • Smith, G. "'Constabulary Independence'." New Law Journal(1999) . eScholarID:1b6899
  • Smith, G. "'Double Trouble'." New Law Journal(1999) . eScholarID:1b6897
  • Smith, G. "'The Butler Report: an opportunity missed?'." New Law Journal(1999) . eScholarID:1b6895
  • Smith, G. "The legacy of the Stoke Newington scandal." International Journal of Police Science and Management 2 (2)(1999) : 156-163. eScholarID:1b5897
  • Smith, G. "Layiing down the law: the police, the courts and legal accountability." International Journal of the Sociology of Law 26(1998) : 419-435. eScholarID:1b5898
  • Smith, G. "'Damages limitation exercise'." New Law Journal(1997) . eScholarID:1b6901
  • Smith, G. "'The DPP and prosecutions of police officers'." New Law Journal(1997) . eScholarID:1b6900

Conference contribution

  • Smith, G. 1991. A crime is a crime is a crime. In Royal Commission on Criminal Justice, Hackney Community Defence Association. eScholarID:2b1481

Working paper

  • Ellen, D., Fegan, F., Hassell, K., Munk, T., Schafheutle, E., Sefton, L. and Smith, G. "Disproportionality in the Professions: Working together to respond to discrimination and prejudice in the workplace."(2013) . eScholarID:213964


  • Graham Smith. 2013. Roundtable Discussion on the ‘State of implementation of the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan on ensuring the rights and freedoms of individuals held in detention facilities and enhancing the complaint review procedures’. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. eScholarID:225138
  • Graham Smith. 2008. Police complaints mechanisms: ensuring independence and effectiveness. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. eScholarID:225161
  • Graham Smith. 2000. Response to the Home Office Consultation Paper Complaints Against the Police. eScholarID:229806


  • Smith, G. Police Complaints Commission: Independent From Whom?, Criminal Justice Matters 47. 2002.
  • Smith, G. 'Playing politics with the law', Legal Action, November. 1996.