New article on Industrial clusters for deep decarbonization

Professor Frank Geels has published a new article in Science alongside co-authors Benjamin Sovacool and Marfurga Iskandarova on ‘Industrial clusters for deep decarbonization: Net-zero megaprojects in the UK offer promise and lessons’.

Frank Geels - Science Magazine

Perhaps no sector of the global economy is in greater need of concerted efforts toward deep decarbonization than industry, which includes energy-intensive sectors such as chemicals, iron and steel, cement, and aluminum (1).

Yet industry has long been perceived as hard to decarbonize and has been mostly sheltered from strong energy and climate policies over concerns about potential job losses, national competitiveness, and carbon leakage. Industrial decarbonization scenarios often identify carbon capture and storage (CCS) and fuel switching to hydrogen as potential net-zero options (2), but these technologies are expensive for individual companies and specific industries.

These options can become more feasible when implemented in industrial clusters, where plants from different industries operate in close proximity. We see promise and lessons in recent advancements in the coevolution of net-zero cluster planning, policy implementation, and technical development in the UK, where world-leading plans and designs have progressed close to the implementation stage.