MSc Pharmaceutical Industry Advanced Training (PIAT) / Course details

Year of entry: 2022

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Course unit details:
Liquid and Semi-Solid Dosage Forms (PIAT 5)

Unit code PHAR71050
Credit rating 15
Unit level FHEQ level 7 – master's degree or fourth year of an integrated master's degree
Teaching period(s) Variable teaching patterns
Offered by Pharmacy
Available as a free choice unit? No


Topics covered in this unit include an introduction to liquids & semi-solids, solutions and their properties, colloidal and suspension systems, flavours, colours and perfumes, ointments and creams, suppositories, preservatives, and product testing. 


The unit aims to:

•    Provide the student with a good foundation of the formulation development for a wide variety of liquid and semi-solid pharmaceutical forms.
•    Differentiate between the different pharmaceutical forms and provide an understanding of the benefits/uses of each and why different pharmaceutical forms are selected for different conditions.
•    Help the student understand some of the manufacturing/testing challenges in delivering these types of products and how they can be overcome.


Teaching and learning methods

Students are provided with the learning material in soft copy form. The learning material comprises 9 chapters covering the key areas of liquid and semi-solid dosage forms. Each chapter contains a number of exercises together with suggested answers for students to check their learning as they progress through the unit. The unit tutor is available to answer queries and provide guidance as required. The face-to-face workshop at the annual workshop event explores key areas of the unit through a range of hands-on exercises and practical demonstrations.


Knowledge and understanding

Students should be able to: 

•    Demonstrate a thorough understanding of a wide range of liquids and semi-solid product development, formulation and manufacturing which the student can build upon with further research into the subject matter.
•    Understand the benefits and compromises needed when using the different available liquid & semi-solid pharmaceutical forms.

Intellectual skills

Students should be able to:

•    Analyse human and pharmaceutical factors to determine the most appropriate dosage form for a specific product.
•    Apply mathematical concepts to determine the suitability of solutions and colloidal systems.
•    Determine the quality control procedures applied to liquid and semi-solid formulations to ensure that safety requirements and product specifications are satisfactorily met.

Practical skills

Students should be able to: 

•    Understand the key formulation requirements when discussing or evaluating manufacturing issues in the workplace.
•    Understand the key formulation requirements when discussing or evaluating manufacturing issues in the workplace.
•    Take part in product development activities from a position of understanding.
•    Analyse the principles involved in the formulation and development of various liquid & semi-solid dosage forms.

Transferable skills and personal qualities

Students should be able to:

•    Gain experience in the formulation development and quality control processes. 
•    Prepare product-development plans and documentation

Assessment methods

Method Weight
Written assignment (inc essay) 100%

Assessment task


How and when feedback is provided

Weighting within unit (if relevant)


3000 words

Feedback returned by email within 15 working days.



Feedback methods

Feedback returned by email within 15 working days.

Study hours

Independent study hours
Independent study 150

Teaching staff

Staff member Role
Michael Mather Unit coordinator

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