Skip to navigation | Skip to main content | Skip to footer
Menu Share this content
Menu Search the University of Manchester siteSearch
Search type

Alternatively, use our A–Z index

PhD Paper Science / Overview

Year of entry: 2018

Degree awarded
36 months full time
Entry requirements

For direct entry from your undergraduate degree, you will need to be a science and engineering graduate with at least a 2.1 Honours degree or equivalent.  There are alternative routes to a PhD, through completion of other postgraduate qualifications

Full entry requirements

How to apply

Apply online

You can apply on-line for all of our postgraduate masters programmes.  If you have any questions or need any advice, please contact us.

Programme options

Full-time Part-time Full-time distance learning Part-time distance learning

Programme description

The Paper Science research programmes are part of a dynamic research area within the school.  We have close links with industry and much of our research impacts directly on current industry practice.  Our academic team are highly rated within the paper science sector, and are regarded as experts in their field.

The subject

The range of materials classed as paper is diverse, from bathroom tissue to cardboard; but, despite the physical differences, they have the same chemical composition, consisting primarily of natural cellulosic fibres.  The difference in the type of paper arises from the choice of raw material and the influence of the manufacturing process.

Our research

Our research covers the influence of factors, such as recycling and process chemistry, on the physical properties of the sheet, and looks at ways to improve them.  We also look at improving the efficiency of raw materials and energy in manufacturing processes.

Industry links

We have strong ties with industry, including collaboration with Aylesford Newsprint, Billerud, Abitibi Consolidated, and M-Real.  Our research impacts directly on paper manufacturers, and their suppliers and customers, and we are consistently approached by industry to collaborate and give expert advice on research projects.

Research projects

Some of our recent research projects include:

  • Analysis of factors affecting the pore size distribution of paper
  • Measurement and modelling of paper shrinkage during manufacture
  • The influence of sheet uniformity and starch on the strength of recycled board

Open days

Our Open Days provide a great opportunity to take a look at the School, discover more about our courses and research, and find out what Manchester has to offer you.

International students - if you are based overseas and can't make our Open Days, please visit the international section of our website to see if a member of our International Team will be visiting your country soon.


For entry in the academic year beginning September 2018, the tuition fees are as follows:

  • PhD (full-time)
    UK/EU students (per annum): £4,260
    International students (per annum): Standard £22,000, Low £23,000, High £25,000
  • PhD (part-time)
    UK/EU students (per annum): £2,130
    International students (per annum): Standard £11,000, Low £11,500, High £12,500

Please note for the majority of projects where experimentation requires further resource: higher fee bands (where quoted) will be charged rather than the base rate for supervision, administration and computational costs. The fees quoted above will be fully inclusive and, therefore, you will not be required to pay any additional bench fees or administration costs.

All fees for entry will be subject to yearly review and incremental rises per annum are also likely over the duration of the course for UK/EU students (fees are typically fixed for International students, for the course duration at the year of entry). For general fees information please visit: postgraduate fees . Always contact the department if you are unsure which fee applies to your project.


You can apply for a range of scholarships and studentships -

Contact details

Academic department
School of Materials
Contact name
Postgraduate Admissions Team
+44 (0)161 306 3612
+44 (0)161 306 3586
Academic department overview
See: About Us

Programmes in related subject areas

Use the links below to view lists of programmes in related subject areas.

Regulated by the Office for Students

The University of Manchester is regulated by the Office for Students (OfS). The OfS aims to help students succeed in Higher Education by ensuring they receive excellent information and guidance, get high quality education that prepares them for the future and by protecting their interests. More information can be found at the OfS website.

You can find regulations and policies relating to student life at The University of Manchester, including our Degree Regulations and Complaints Procedure, on our regulations website.