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BSc Optometry / Course details

Year of entry: 2020

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Course unit details:
Pharmacology B: Ocular Pharmacology

Unit code OPTO30612
Credit rating 10
Unit level Level 3
Teaching period(s) Semester 2
Offered by Optometry
Available as a free choice unit? No


Pharmacology B will further develop the knowledge gained in the 2nd year Pharmacology course. Knowledge of the drugs used in optometric and ophthalmic practice will be expanded, looking at treatments for infections, immune disorders, allergies, glaucoma and dry eye disorder. Common drugs encountered with patient histories will also be considered.


Unit title Unit code Requirement type Description
Pharmacology A BIOL20392 Pre-Requisite Compulsory


The unit aims to build on knowledge gained in OPTO20391 Pharmacology A and further develop the students understanding of the therapeutic use of ophthalmic medicines in eye-related diseases and disorders in optometric practice.

Learning outcomes

Students will:

   Have a detailed knowledge of therapeutic drugs used in optometric practice.

   Understand the side effects, contraindications and interactions of therapeutic drugs used in optometric practice.

   Know the legal classifications and constraints associated with therapeutic drugs used in optometric practice.

   Understand broader issues regarding patient compliance, ocular side effects encountered with other systemic drugs.

   Understand underlying factors influencing patient response.

   Appreciate new pharmacological developments in ocular therapy.

   Evaluate literature relating to ocular pharmacology and therapeutics.

   Apply this knowledge to make decisions regarding the selection of appropriate therapeutic drug in clinical situations.



20 lectures in total will be delivered describing the mechanisms of action of drugs used in optometric practice, their side effects and contraindications and legal constraints associated with their use in clinical practice. The wider issue of drug development, patient responses and drug toxicity will also be addressed.

Employability skills

Analytical skills
Analysing case study and related material provided.
Group/team working
Small group discussion of case studies.
Oral communication
Students are encouraged to ask and answer questions during lectures and actively participate in scheduled revision sessions. Case studies include small group and class discussion.
Problem solving
Online quizzes and short answer questions for case studies.
Researching background information for case studies.
Written communication
Short answer questions related to case studies. Essay questions in exam.

Assessment methods

Method Weight
Written exam 100%

Feedback methods

2 hour written Exam (100%): 4 short answer questions (out of 6) (60%); 1 essay (out of 4) (40%).

Recommended reading

  • Forrester J, Dick A, McMenamin P & Roberts F (2008) The Eye: Basic Science in Practice (3rd edition). Saunders (Chapters 7 & 8).
  • Bartlett, JD and Jaanus, SD (2007) Clinical Ocular Pharmacology 5th Edition). Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd (Chapters 7, 10-14, 27).
  • Relevant Articles from current professional journals - The Optician, Optometry Today, The Pharmaceutical Journal.

Study hours

Scheduled activity hours
Assessment written exam 2
Lectures 24
Independent study hours
Independent study 74

Teaching staff

Staff member Role
Ayse Latif Unit coordinator

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