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BSc Optometry / Course details

Year of entry: 2020

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Course unit details:
Ocular Disease

Unit code OPTO30891
Credit rating 10
Unit level Level 3
Teaching period(s) Semester 1
Offered by Optometry
Available as a free choice unit? No


This unit describes basic eye pathology from a viewpoint of specific diseases. You learn how to examine the eye for specific diseases and to diagnose these diseases. Examples of diseases covered include; Cataracts, Macula Disease and Diabetic Eye Disease. You will also learn how to take a history and to explain diagnosis, management and prognosis.


Unit title Unit code Requirement type Description
Ocular Health & Disease Mechanisms OPTO21391 Pre-Requisite Compulsory


The unit aims to describe basic eye pathology from a viewpoint of specific diseases.

Learning outcomes

       System based approach to knowledge underpinning patient contact and evaluation in a primary care setting.

       How to assess clinical signs pertinent to each disease

       Differential diagnosis based on symptoms and signs at patient presentation.

       How to give advice to patients regarding lifestyle changes where appropriate.

       Management plan for referral or treatment where appropriate

       Understanding important disease mechanisms.




• Lasers in Ophthalmology - production of lasers and action of different laser modalities with specific reference to their application in the diagnosis and treatment in ophthalmic conditions

• Corneal disease - corneal anatomy, infections, dystrophies

• Cataracts and Cataract Management - pathology, aetiology, clinical features and management of cataracts. Complications of cataract surgery.

• Uveitis - definitions, causes, associations, complications, clinical features and management

• Glaucoma - Definition, classifications, risk factors, clinical features and management.

• Macula Disease - Age related Macula Degeneration and macular dystrophies; pathology, risk factors, clinical features and management.

• Retinal disorders- retinal vascular disorders and retinal detachment; pathology, aetiology and risk factors, clinical features and management.

• Diabetic Eye Disease - pathology, aetiology and risk factors, clinical features, grading systems, management.

• Neuro-ophthalmology - Visual field defects, pupillary abnormalities, nerve palsies; causes, risk factors, clinical features and management of each

•  Emergency-ophthalmology – common ophthalmic problems that may present on an urgent basis; how to treat   and when to refer            

Employability skills

Analytical skills
Clinical decision making which is tested with oral quizzes during lecture periods and the exam.
Problem solving
Clinical decision making tested in exam.
Written communication
Tested in exam

Assessment methods

Written Examination 1.5 hours (100%).

Feedback methods

Time is allowed during each lecture for questions and feedback.

Recommended reading

It is essential that students read additional text to supplement the content of the lecture course. The books by Batterbury and Jackson give a general overview of common ophthalmological conditions and one or other (or similar) book may be used, supplemented by background reading from Kanski.

Recommended Reading

1.     Alastair K. O. Denniston, Philip I., Oxford Handbook of Ophthalmology, Oxford University Press, 2009, Recommended

2.     Jackson, T, Moorfields Manual of Ophthalmology, Mosby, 2007, Recommended

3.     Kanski, JJ, Clinical Ophthalmology, Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd, 2007, Recommended

4.     R Cullom; Benjamin Chang;, The Wills eye manual : office and emergency room diagnosis and treatment of           eye disease., Philadelphia : Lippincott, Recommended

             5.    Venki Sundaram (Editor), Training in Ophthalmology (Oxford Specialty Training: Training In), Recommended

Study hours

Scheduled activity hours
Assessment written exam 1.5
Independent study hours
Independent study 0

Teaching staff

Staff member Role
Tariq Aslam Unit coordinator

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