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BSc Anatomical Sciences / Course details
Year of entry: 2022
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Course unit details:
|Unit level||Level 2|
|Teaching period(s)||Semester 2|
|Offered by||School of Biological Sciences|
|Available as a free choice unit?||No|
This Research Skills Module is designed to develop your experimental design, report writing and practical skills. Working in the Dissection Room under the supervision of Anatomy staff you will develop a range of skills including dissection, microscopy, the comparative method, living anatomy and morphometrics. Working as part of a group you will design and carry out a research project where you will use either dissection or morphometrics to perform an in-depth study of an area of gross anatomy.
|Unit title||Unit code||Requirement type||Description|
|Human Sciences EDM||BIOL21061||Co-Requisite||Recommended|
|Human Anatomy & Histology||BIOL21291||Co-Requisite||Compulsory|
BIOL20912 Pre & Co-requisites are BIOL10811 & BIOL21291
To give students the opportunity to make an ‘in depth’ investigation of an area of human or comparative anatomy after gaining appropriate skills. To design and devise approaches for the scientific presentation of anatomical findings for research purposes, while working as a member of a team.
To be able to:
• Use a diverse range of anatomical references and the primary literature
• Appreciate anatomical variation and know how to evaluate it
• Conceive and execute a dissection or morphometric analysis of the anatomy of humans or other vertebrates
• Collect, analyse and present data in a format for publication
• Gain an ‘in depth’ understanding of an aspect of human or comparative anatomy
Morphological Research Skills
- Dissection and observation
- Working with prosected specimens
- Living anatomy: surface features; muscle groups; sounds
- Microscopy and histology
- Interpreting transverse sections and CT images
- Evolutionary morphology
- Geometric morphometrics
- Anatomical variation and measurement (anthropometry, somatotyping and ergonomics)
- Mini-project planning
Students work in groups of 2 to 4 to produce a research study. Most projects will be undertaken in the Dissecting Room in consultation with Anatomy staff but the data for the morphometric projects may be collected elsewhere.
- Analytical skills
- Students have to analyse their quantitative data using appropriate statistical tests. They also have to consider which is the best way to present that data verbally, through prose and in graphical form.
- Group/team working
- Working in small groups to answer scientific questions through dissection, analysis of CT images, histological slides, collecting and analysing morphometric data, etc.
- Students are given a project outline. After that it is up to them to come up with scientific questions and devise ways to answer them through research.
- The mini-projects are intended to be collaborative efforts for groups of two to four students. Nevertheless, some students may embrace a leadership role whilst undertaking them.
- Project management
- Establishing research questions and managing time, direction and methodology appropriately to answer them during the mini-projects.
- Oral communication
- Communicating scientific research questions, experimental design and research findings.
- Problem solving
- Students have to ask scientific questions and work out how to collect repeatable data to answer them, how to test that data, how best to analyse that data, and then how to interpret their findings.
- Students carry out mini-projects which allow them to come up with and test scientific questions using methodologies appropriate to anatomical research including dissection, landmark analyses, etc.
- Written communication
- Communicating scientific research, questions, experimental design and research findings.
- How to carry out blunt and sharp dissection; perform morphometric analyses; interpret CT scans; investigate pathologies using histology; develop an understanding of ergonomics; and answer evolutionary questions using anatomical data.
|Written assignment (inc essay)||50%|
|Practical skills assessment||20%|
Morphological research skills practicals (20%)
Individual mini-project report (50%)
Group PowerPoint presentation (15%)
Group show & tell and project performance mark (15%)
RSM Attendance guidelines
Students are expected to attend all scheduled RSM sessions on time (N.B. Health and safety information will be delivered at the start of practical sessions, and students who are not present at the start may be asked to leave the lab). Students who arrive late will be marked as absent for that session. Failure to attend a session (an unauthorised absence) will result in a 10% (i.e. 10 mark) penalty being applied to the overall RSM mark (i.e. a student obtaining a mark of 65% overall will instead receive a mark of 55%). Furthermore, any students who miss a practical session will not receive a mark for any associated post-lab assessment (N.B. this mark will be removed before calculating the average post-lab mark to avoid a student being penalised twice). Further absences will result in further penalties (i.e. 2 absences = a penalty of 20% (as described above)).
Written feedback on the mini-project presentation, performance and report will be given.
- Gosling, JA (2008) Atlas of Human Anatomy (5th edition). Mosby
- Kardong, KV (2012) Vertebrates: Comparative Anatomy, Function, Evolution (6th edition). McGraw-Hill
- Moore KL, Dalley AF & Agur AMR (2009) Clinically Oriented Anatomy (6th edition). Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
- Pansky, B & Gest, TR (2011) Lippincott's Concise Illustrated Anatomy: Back, Upper Limb and Lower Limb. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
- Snell, RS (2011) Clinical Anatomy by Regions (9th edition). Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
|Scheduled activity hours|
|Practical classes & workshops||58|
|Independent study hours|
|Stefan Gabriel||Unit coordinator|