LLB Law / Course details

Year of entry: 2022

Course unit details:
Principles of Commercial Law

Course unit fact file
Unit code LAWS20052
Credit rating 20
Unit level Level 2
Teaching period(s) Semester 2
Offered by Law
Available as a free choice unit? No


Principles of Commercial Law is a practical and highly relevant subject for all students that focuses on the sale and supply of goods and services. The aim of the course is to examine the basic nature and key aspects of the contracts under which goods are supplied, with particular emphasis on the everyday contract of sale which all of us will encounter on a daily basis. The subject is based around an analysis of parts of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 (as amended) and the case law on it, along with an analysis of the corresponding parts of the Supply of Goods (Implied Terms) Act 1973 and the Supply of Goods & Services Act 1982 (which deal with other types of contract under which goods are supplied) as well as the corresponding parts of the Consumer Rights Act 2015 (which deals with many aspects of consumer contracts). It addresses contractual issues (such as the circumstances in which buyers of defective goods can reject them & get their money back) and property issues (the transfer of ownership to the buyer or other person to whom goods are supplied and the effects of a sale or other disposition of goods by someone who does not own them). It looks at domestic and international commercial contracts as well as consumer contracts and draws comparisons between the applicable regimes.

•Introduction: the different types of contract under which goods are supplied and the distinctions between them; the Consumer Rights Act; other key concepts.

•The duties of the seller/supplier and the remedies for breach in non-consumer domestic sales

•The duties of the seller and the remedies for breach in non-consumer international sales

•The duties of the trader and the remedies for breach in consumer sales.

• Product liability


Level 1 LAW modules


- To provide students with knowledge and appreciation of general principles of, and key issues relating to Commercial Law.
- To facilitate an appreciation of the contractual and proprietary aspects of such contracts.
- To enable students to appreciate the context and requirements of commercial and mercantile contracts.
- To provide students with an awareness of current policy trends and developments in Commercial Law.

- To enable the students to compare the policy underlying the different rules governing domestic and international sales contracts and consumer contracts
- To encourage the development of students’ skills in legal reasoning and analysis through study of statutes, case law and law reform proposals in the context of Commercial Law

Teaching and learning methods

30 hours of lectures, five hours of (fortnightly) seminars and 10 hours of (weekly) direction and feedback drop in sessions.

The delivery of lectures will use online resources backed up by opportunities for real time discussion.

The seminars will involve team work, including presentations, as well as whole class discussions. There will be resources available on Blackboard, to ensure that students understand key sections of the course.

Intellectual skills

- An ability to present reasoned arguments supported by evidence.
- A capacity to interpret and assess competing viewpoints and to use those viewpoints to formulate arguments about law regulation insofar as they are relevant to Commercial Law.
- A capacity to identify and analyse critically key legal and regulatory issues in relation to Commercial Law.

Practical skills

- An ability to engage in and cultivate reasoned legal arguments, by way of both oral and written presentation.

- An ability to produce (by a specified deadline) a concise and appropriately structured essay addressing a key issue in relation to the regulation of sale and supply of goods.

- An ability to undertake independent online and library-based research.

- An ability to carry out literature reviews, formulate theses and summarize legal and supplier/consumer perspectives.

- An ability to produce structured discursive essays with accurate citations to sources and properly compiled bibliographies.

- An ability to develop an argument persuasively irrespective of whether it coincides with one’s beliefs.


Transferable skills and personal qualities

- An ability to think logically, to assess competing principles impartially and to identify and solve legal problems insofar as they impact upon parties involved in Commercial Law.
- An ability to discuss such problems orally and to articulate relevant conclusions.
- An ability to think independently and to use one’s initiative in developing legal ideas and research into issues concerning the sale and supply of goods.
- An ability to manage one’s study-time and meet deadlines.
- An ability to utilize search engines, navigate the Internet and make appropriate use of relevant websites.



Assessment methods

Method Weight
Written exam 67%
Written assignment (inc essay) 33%

Feedback methods

Students will receive oral feedback on presentations, both from the seminar taker and fellow students. In addition, students will have the opportunity to write a piece of coursework not counting towards their final grade and they will receive written feedback on this as well as on the assessed coursework.

Outlines of Issues will be provided after the examination.

Recommended reading

To prepare for the course, students should review their contract law notes on express and implied terms, misrepresentation and remedies for breach of contract.

The main textbook is E McKendrick (ed) Goode on Commercial Law (6th ed Penguin, London 2020).

The recommended course text, cases and materials on is Sealy and Hooley’s Commercial Law - Text, Cases and Materials (6th edn, 2020)

Information about statute books will be given in lectures.


Teaching staff

Staff member Role
Geraint Howells Unit coordinator

Additional notes

Annotated statute books permitted in examination.


Restricted to: BA (Law with Politics); LLB (Law with Politics); LLB (Law); LLB (Law with Criminology) and suitably qualified Law visiting students.

This course is available to incoming study abroad students.

Pre-requisites: Compulsory year 1 Law School courses


See Law School timetable

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