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First research to examine impact of the ‘bedroom tax’ on children and their education

  • The effects of benefit cuts and poverty are causing children emotional distress and affecting concentration at school, according to study
  • Sharing bedrooms leaves children without a quiet place for homework

The government’s ‘bedroom tax’ is leaving children hungry and stressed at school, according to a new study by education experts at The University of Manchester.

In the first piece of research to examine the impact of the controversial welfare policy on children and their education, academics found that the introduction of the so-called ‘bedroom tax’, alongside other cuts in benefits, was having an adverse effect on pupils’ ability to learn and concentrate, with the emotional distress caused by poverty taking its toll on schoolwork.

It also found that forcing children to share bedrooms – required under the government changes which reduce housing benefit for those judged to have ‘spare rooms’- was having a negative impact on schooling by leaving youngsters without a quiet place for homework or undisturbed sleep. It also made afterschool and extra-currciular activities or playdates with friends unaffordable to some parents. 

The qualitative study, which carried out in depth research with a small group of parents, schools and community organisations over a 16-month period, is published by the Manchester Institute of Education at The University of Manchester.

Experts are warning that it is time for the government to review the policy.

Professor Ruth Lupton, from The University of Manchester, said: “The findings of this study confirm a wider picture emerging from research which points to the bedroom tax failing to meet its original aims while contributing to significant hardship among low-income families.

“Our study suggests that the pressure put on families by this cut in benefits may also be working contrary to other policies that are intended to support child wellbeing and educational achievement, diminishing their effectiveness.”


The government should review its policy.
Professor Erica Burman

Professor Erica Burman added: “The government should review its policy. Doing so would show a greater commitment to supporting children, helping parents to maintain their responsibilities, reinforcing communities, tackling educational inequalities and ensuring that the effects of austerity do not fall disproportionately on poor families.”

The government introduced the reductions to housing benefit for those judged to have ‘spare bedrooms’ – a move dubbed the ‘bedroom tax’ - in April 2013, among a raft of benefits changes affecting the incomes of working-age adults. This led to a reduction in housing benefit payments of an average £11-a-week (£572-a-year) for those deemed to have one ‘spare’ bedroom and more for those with two.

The early piece of research from The University of Manchester found that parents were saving money by cutting back on food, heating and other essentials and foregoing warm winter clothes, shoes and school uniforms for their children as a result of the reduction in benefits. Families were becoming more isolated and children's access to friends and after-school activities were reduced. Some parents said they were regularly going without meals so that their children could eat.

School staff interviewed as part of the study told how children were showing signs of emotional distress caused by the effects of poverty, including seeing the pressure felt by their parents, and that material hardship was adversely affecting their ability to learn.,

Schools and community groups explained how they had responded to the benefit changes by reallocating their finances, staffing and care services to prioritise feeding and clothing children. Pupil premium funding, for example, had been used to extend breakfast clubs, while one school had opened its own account with a shoe shop.

Notes to editors:

Professor Ruth Lupton and Dr Terry Hanley are available for interview

The exploratory research in Manchester was carried out between March 2014 and July 2015. In-depth interviews were completed with 14 parents affected by the ‘bedroom tax’, who had 24 school-aged children between them. Nearly 40 representatives from 20 schools, housing associations and community groups were interviewed, including head teachers, family support workers, housing officers, local faith leaders and youth workers.

The Impacts of the Bedroom Tax on Children and Their Education. A Study in the City of Manchester was authored by Jo Bragg, Erica Burman, Anat Greenstein, Terry Hanley, Afroditi Kalambouka, Ruth Lupton, Lauren McCoy, Kate Sapin and Laura Winter (Manchester Institute of Education, University of Manchester).

The Impacts of the Bedroom Tax on Children and Their Education. A Study in the City of Manchester by Jo Bragg, Erica Burman, Anat Greenstein, Terry Hanley, Afroditi Kalambouka, Ruth Lupton, Lauren McCoy, Kate Sapin and Laura Winter (Manchester Institute of Education, University of Manchester October 2015) can be viewed in full here.


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