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BA Archaeology / Course details
Year of entry: 2021
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Course unit details:
Data Analysis and Reasoning in a Digital World
|Unit level||Level 2|
|Teaching period(s)||Semester 2|
|Offered by||Classics, Ancient History & Egyptology|
|Available as a free choice unit?||Yes|
The rate at which data are created is mind-blowing. Ninety percentage of all data produced by mankind was created over the last 20 years. All of us encounter the results of data analysis regularly in our everyday lives and have gained experience in assessing them – which mortgage rate is the most advantageous one? How to choose between different political parties? What measures have the greatest beneficial effect on climate change? In addition, virtually all jobs in the modern world require good data fluency – being able to understand and assess a journal article, blog or news story that uses data to support its claim, an ability to use spreadsheet software and to visualise data, etc. This course is specifically designed for students who do not have any advanced knowledge of mathematics or statistics but recognise the importance of knowing how to judge data-heavy information, recognised patterns in data and wish to interpret data. These problem-solving skills do not require an advanced understanding of mathematics – with basic skills, we all can learn how to recognise patterns and how to interpret data, as well as interrogate published data analysis and recognise both good and bad practice. Students wishing to attend this course must have a willingness to engage with data, relevant mathematical concepts and software. The course will also be of interest for those wishing to digest and present a lot of data for their Year 3 Dissertation – whatever the topic and discipline - or thinking about a postgraduate degree.
This course thus aims to develop a ‘number sense’ in students, an instinct in how to translate real world questions into a dataset that they interrogate, analyse and visualise by posing their own research question, by collecting relevant data, analysing and interpreting them. This same ‘number sense’ will be applied to analysing published research critically that others have presented and assessing its rigour and judge the veracity of the conclusions drawn.
The course guides students how to record quantifiable data, how to manage data sets, and how to draw conclusions from them. It introduces a range of transferable skills: computer-aided exercises will allow the student to gain valuable spreadsheet and analytical skills, and gain hands-on experience in creating and analysing databases. Student will gain a ‘numbers sense’ and will have an opportunity to put this into practice by critically analysing and reviewing data-heavy publications.
Knowledge and understanding
- possess a basic knowledge of the issues involved in the recording, handling and analysing of quantitative data in the humanities;
- appreciate some of the potentials and problems of more complex types of statistical analysis;
- be aware of the ethical ramifications of collecting, analysing, publishing and storing data from a variety of traditional and online sources
- understand, evaluate and critique data analysis carried out by others
- have carried out an independent research project
- understand how to formulate research questions
- understand the relationship between interpretation and recording;
- understand how to break down information into attributes;
- abstract knowledge and convert into a quantifiable form;
- critically evaluate published data analyses;
- understand the process of data based enquiry and research.
- understand the principles of organising data collection and storage;
- be able to design and construct databases/spreadsheets;
- utilise online data sources
- be able to carry out simple statistical exploration and testing;
- visualise patterns using relevant software
Transferable skills and personal qualities
- feel comfortable with dealing with large datasets
- translate real world problems into data and vice versa
- use of archives, spreadsheets, databases and statistics
- all the skills in the earlier categories are inherently transferable
Formative or Summative
Students will receive summative and formative feedback on their written coursework
Lectures and tutorials are a place for directed discussion and thus provide verbal formative feedback on the development and presentation of argument and interpretation on a weekly basis. In advance of submitting written coursework, students are encouraged to discuss their plans with the course convenor who will provide formative feedback.
Best, J. 2001. Damn lies and statistics. Untangling numbers from the media, politicians and activists. Los Angeles, CA: University of California.
Drennan, R., 2009. Statistics for Archaeologists: a Commonsense Approach, 2nd ed. Springer.
Eddington, D. 2016. Statistics for Linguists: A step-by-step guide for novices. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Feinstein, C.H. and M. Thomas 2002. Making History Count: A primer to quantitative methods for historians. Cambridge University Press.
Huff, D. 1954. How to lie with statistics. London: Norton & Co.
Lock, G. and Fletcher, M., 2005. Digging numbers: elementary statistics for archaeologists, 2nd ed. Oxford University School of Archaeology.
Madrigal, L., 1998. Statistics for Anthropology. Cambridge University Press.
Sedkaoui, S. 2018. Data Analytics and Big Data. Wiley.
Shennan, S., 1997. Quantifying Archaeology, 2nd ed. Edinburgh University Press.
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