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Year of entry: 2022
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Course unit details:
|Unit level||Level 1|
|Teaching period(s)||Semester 1|
|Offered by||School of Biological Sciences|
|Available as a free choice unit?||No|
Body Systems introduces the concepts underpinning physiology and the major tissue types that form the structures of the body. You will examine the relationship between the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, learning how diseases of these systems can be interpreted in terms of altered physiology and anatomy.
To introduce students to the concepts that underpin physiology: homeostasis, and the major tissue types that form the body structures. To consider the detailed anatomy and physiology of the human cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
To understand the interrelationship between structure and function of each of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and how these two systems contribute to homeostasis. To understand how some common diseases of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems can be interpreted in terms of altered physiology and anatomy.
Homeostasis and Control System: Evolution of an internal 'sea' (the extracellular fluid) and maintenance of a relative constancy in its composition. Endocrine and neural control systems. The autonomic nervous system and the concept of dual control.
Tissue Diversity: An introduction to the various tissue types that form the body structures. Lining and covering tissues, muscle tissues, supporting tissues, haemopoietic tissues and the physiology of blood.
The Cardiovascular System: Structure and physiology of blood vessels. The gross anatomy of the circulations. The anatomy of the heart and initiation of the heart beat. Energetics of the circulation and the cardiac cycle. The control of cardiac output and of blood pressure. Local control of the circulation. Physiology of the coronary and pulmonary circulations. Diseases of the cardiovascular system.
The Respiratory System: Anatomy of the respiratory tract and lungs. Anatomy and physiology of ventilation. Gaseous exchange in the lungs. Transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide in blood. The control of breathing. Diseases of the lung.
- Analytical skills
- Coursework comprises short online assessments which may require students to analyse material to choose the correct answer.
- Problem solving
- Coursework comprises short online assessments which may require a degree of problem solving.
- Students are encouraged to read around the lecture material.
Feedback will be given via Blackboard Learning Modules and online formative assessments.
A number of anatomy and physiology textbooks are appropriate for this unit. Reading the relevant information in more than one book is a good habit to get into as different books will explain things in different ways and aid your understanding. If you prefer to buy your own textbook it is suggested that you try before you buy. The book listed is recommended, but others are equally good.
- Martini, F.H., Nath, J.L. & Bartholomew, E.F. Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology 11th Edition, 2018, Pearson Education - Recommended
|Scheduled activity hours|
|Assessment written exam||1|
|Independent study hours|
|Nicholas Ashton||Unit coordinator|