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Year of entry: 2023
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Course unit details:
Pyrogeography: Fire in the Earth System
|Unit level||Level 3|
|Teaching period(s)||Semester 2|
|Available as a free choice unit?||Yes|
Wildfires (also known as wildland fires) are a major agent of change on the planet and have been for millions of years. Wildfires are a natural component of many landscapes maintaining the health and vitality of ecosystems. However, large, dangerous wildfires, sometimes known as mega-fires, are becoming more frequent (e.g. e.g. Black Saturday Bush Fires, Australia 2009, burned 4500 km2; Fort McMurray, Canada, 2016, 5896 km2; Portuguese wildfires 2017, 5200 km2) and many can be found close to human habitation in the wildland-urban interface. This then poses a challenge for those working with wildfire – how do we balance the competing tensions between humans, ecosystems and natural processes.
In this module we will explore the idea of pyrogeography as the comprehensive study of the physical and cultural parameters of fire. We will see how fire plays its role in maintaining ecosystems, how biotic and abiotic factors determine the nature and behaviour of fire, and how these aspects of fire ecology interact with human decisions in order to understand current fire management strategies.
- introduce the ideas of pyrogeography (past, present and future distribution of wildfire) and fire ecology (fire effects on ecosystems, how ecosystems themselves influenced fire activity, and the role of fire as an ecosystem process).
- investigate the different types of fire and their differing ecosystem effects.
- consider the challenges associated with managing wildfires.
- reflect on the debates around the use of prescribed fire as a management tool, both globally and in the UK.
Teaching and learning methods
The course is delivered through a series of 2-hour lectures and 1-hour seminars/practical sessions. Students will be expected to complete assigned readings between lectures and undertake the support activities indicated for each class. A high level of attendance is expected and will help ensure that you possess basic knowledge on which to build for the course assessment. If you are not able to attend classes, please let the course leader know beforehand as it does make a difference to how we run some activities.
Across the module, a range of methods will be used including lecture-style sessions with student discussion and activities, seminars, practical sessions and discussion exercises. The sessions will be supported by online material, directed reading, and practical assignments, which will all be available via the Blackboard site. You will need to be prepared to engage with all material provided, as well as demonstrate wider reading around the course. Online teaching tools such as Blackboard Collaborate may also form part of the teaching and learning delivery.
It is hoped that this course will include a field trip to demonstrate some of the concepts introduced in class. We will either visit a prescribed burn in the local area (e.g. Peak District) and learn first-hand from land managers and/or Fire and Rescue Services how they work with fire, or see the impact of a recent wildfires (often occur during April/May). If neither are possible, we will visit recent wildfire scars in the local area to explore the long-term recovery of fire affected ecosystems. Details of the trip will be confirmed early in the course and may mean some of the classes may move around slightly to accommodate the trip. The trip will be subject to local weather conditions, any recent fire activity, and any prevailing Government or University guidance on fieldtrips
Knowledge and understanding
- Evaluate different environmental impacts of fire and explore trade-offs across different temporal and spatial scales.
- Describe ecosystem management debates with regards to fire management.
- Explain the latest advances in wildfire management.
- Critically evaluate contrasting and complementary scientific theories.
- Develop arguments based on the latest academic and non-academic literature.
- Demonstrate their skills in data collation, evaluation and synthesis.
- Source the latest information on wildfire science at global, regional and local levels.
Transferable skills and personal qualities
- Communicate technical information to a range of audiences.
The course will be assessed based on:
- A formative assignment (1-page policy brief)
- An individual coursework project (50%) in the form of a review paper
A 2-hour exam (50%) comprising short answer questions and an essay.
Feedback will be provided in the following ways during this course unit:
· Verbal feedback through Q&A and activities during lecture sessions
· Verbal feedback on any course unit issue through consultation hours
· Detailed written feedback on coursework assignment
There is no core text for this course, but the following are useful general texts for the module.
Fire science textbooks (all available as e-books via the Library website)
Belcher, C.M. (2013) Fire Phenomena and the Earth System: An Interdisciplinary Guide to Fire Science. Wiley-Blackwell: Chichester. Available as an e-book via the Library website.
Scott, A.C., Bowman, D. M.J.S., Bond, W.J., Pyne, S., Alexander, M.E. (2014) Fire on Earth - an Introduction. Wiley-Blackwell: Chichester. Available as an e-book via the Library website.
Scott, A.C. (2018) Burning Planet: The Story of Fire through Time Oxford University Press: Oxford.
Key Journals: Science; Nature; International Journal of Wildland Fire; Journal of Ecology; Biogeochemistry; Science of the Total Environment; Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences; Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society - B.
|Scheduled activity hours|
|Independent study hours|
|Gareth Clay||Unit coordinator|